¹ Ambrose, Stephen E. “‘the Longest Day’ (1962): “blockbuster” History. Rocky Balboa, a small-time boxer gets a supremely rare chance to fight the heavy-weight champion, Apollo Creed, in a bout in which he strives to go the distance for his self-respect. While others assign genre by story content, literature, performance, budget based, racial identity, artistic status, etc (Chandler 2). (119 mins. Genre and Genre Theory 2 Genre theory is a way to help one in the study of films in order to categorize the films, to give the viewers a better understanding of what type of film they will be watching before actually watching the film. Also Kimberly Pierce’s Boys Don’t Cry, which uses Feminist Film Theory AND Queer Theory to expose the way society treats a Transgender protagonist. ), A look at the early years of boxer “Irish” Micky Ward and his brother, who helped train him before going pro in the mid 1980s. (113 mins. Out of these, Bonnie and Clyde was the most successful and was a landmark film for its open portrayal of sex and violence, especially the brutal end scene. This can be seen in movies like Enemy Mine or the aforementioned The Day the Earth Stood Still where xenophobia, or an initial distaste for those perceived as different, is something that ought to be curbed and checked, be it alien life forms, different cultures, or ethnicities. 1. The boxing film has been a significant genre in Hollywood, with more than 150 full length films since 1930. Stagecoach was a groundbreaking western that paved the way for future westerns. This movement started with Spielberg’s epic retelling of D-Day in Saving Private Ryan (1998) and was followed by films like The Thin Red Line (1998), Black Hawk Down (2001), Tears Of The Sun (2003), Jarhead (2005), Letters from Iwo Jima (2006), Flags of Our Fathers (2006), The Hurt Locker (2008), Act Of Valor (2012), & Lone Survivor (2014) bringing the film viewer to the present day depictions of the genre. New York: Longman, 2010. Films including excitement, danger, traveling around the world, or to other worlds, overcoming challenges, with a main hero character are things that come to mind when thinking of the adventure film genre. The Thief of Bagdad (1924) (remade 1940, UK) In this trilogy, Clint Eastwood is the “man with no name,” a quick-draw gunslinger with ambiguous morals. ), A determined woman works with a hardened boxing trainer to become a professional. These films showcased the violence of the gangster but never gained much popularity. Genre Theory is used in the categorization of films. The Crime and Gangster started in the silent film era.  Within this frame, westerns usually have very archetypical plot conflicts such as good vs bad, man and revenge, law and order vs lawlessness, man vs nature, and Settlers vs Indians. They often are related to historical events or are made as more of a biography of the film’s protagonist. The time period. On account of the new stricter production codes, the crime and gangster genre had to change but still keep its roots. Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End (2007) Directors began to portray the protagonists in their movies as individuals with mental/emotional issues, presumably due to their participation in combat. Black Stallion (1979) The early 1990s became a dark age of sorts for the war film genre as Hollywood had abandoned them in favor of other genres like science fiction.  The western genre again saw a dramatic change in style and approach during the 1950’s. This guide highlights library resources for some of the more popular film genres. It wasn’t until sound was incorporated into films for the crime and gangster genre to really take off. The Empire Strikes Back (1980) Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The main characteristic of the genre is the use of science to portray a world that is different than known reality in some way. The Spirit of St. Louis (1957) The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work. Genre Theory involves classifying a film into a category that contains other films that have similar aspects. Print. Excalibur (1981) Rocky (1976)  However, the success of Bonnie and Clyde does not compete with the Godfather trilogy. Rob Roy (1995) To take a genre such as a'Western', only a film fulfilling these requirements.By multiplying such analyse it, and list its principle characteristics,is to beg the  After this prolific period of westerns, the genre from an American standpoint died off. In the 30s, this is represented by films like The Count of Monte Cristo(1912, 1934 1974, and 2002). Genre studies Genre studies is a structuralist approach to literary criticism, film … The films centered on likeable anti-heroes and were often very violent. %PDF-1.6 %���� Film Genres. It describes genre as a response to a specific and recurrent social situation. Deliverance (1972) Firstly the setting, Shane (Steven 1953) located in an isolated western alley and The Searcher (Ford 1956) in Northern Texas. An Introduction to Genre Theory .  The first most notable crime and gangster film to appear was Underworld (1927). Films such as these include Cowboys vs. Aliens, where the western genre is mixed with science fiction, Cabin in the Woods, where the horror genre is combined with sci-fi, and Melancholia , which is more of a literary, psychological analysis that is set on the backdrop of the end of the world due to a massive meteor that can’t be stopped. Martin Scorsese made classics such as Goodfellas (1990), Casino (1995), and The Departed (2006), while Quentin Tarantino made classics such as Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994). Goldeneye (1995) This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The late 1990s though witnessed the best the genre had to offer yet as directors began to combine the self-avowed glory of the WWII and post-WWII films with the trauma of the post-Vietnam films. In fact, The Racket was actually banned in Chicago due to its negative depiction of police. ), François Truffaut and “The Four Hundred Blows”, The “Dollhouse Aesthetic”: Wes Anderson as an Auteur, Introduction to Luis Bunuel and Avant-Garde Filming, The Evolution of Animation to CGI (Computer-Generated Imagery) and the Impact of James Cameron’s Avatar, History of American Animation and Walt Disney’s Significant Contribution, Continuation of stop-motion and Laika: An in-depth look at ParaNorman, Famous Documentary Film Directors of today, The Hunger Games vs Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Kill Bill: Vol. Conan the Barbarian (1982) Memorable films like The Deer Hunter (1979), Apocalypse Now (1979), Platoon (1987), & Full Metal Jacket (1987) bring the premise of the genre full circle back to All Quiet On The Western Front (1930) by focusing on the traumatic events and emotions that war brings with it.  The Hays code brought about the end of an era but also gave forth to a new one. Classical film theory provides a structural framework to address classical issues of techniques, narrativity - , diegesis - , cinematic codes, "the image", genre, subjectivity, and authorship. The Road Warrior (1981) There is something more about genre theory, and to that effect it is necessary to propose Kristen H. Perry's definition. It’s where current social trends can be taken to extremes like the social order that is shown in the film adaptations of The Time Machine or Fritz Lang’s Metropolis. It’s a genre where a future can be considered that has the worst happen to the world and only post-apocalyptic nomads are left. The film was shot from the gangster’s perspective and the film won an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay. Spartacus (1960) Planet of the Apes (1968) Science fiction is a genre where ideas reign supreme. An important part of Genre theory is knowing at which period a film was made. Leone’s greatest film, however, was Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), sometimes considered the best western ever made. ( Log Out / Part II Genres 44 3 Major genres 45 4 Film noir 142 5 Melodrama and the woman’s film 168 Part III Hollywood’s genres: theory, industry and history 194 6 Genre theory 195 7 Genre and Hollywood 218 Appendix 245 Bibliography 248 Index 295 War and Peace (1956) Gladiator (2000) Common settings also appear frequently such as the small town, the saloon, the jail, and just the plain old desert. The narrative and the characters are secondary to the ideas that permeate the world they inhabit. They Died With Their Boots On (1942) Secondly the characters types, Shane and Ethan both were heroes in the movie meanwhile the rest were townspeople and civilization of savage. The Idea of Genre in the American Cinema edward buscombe 12 3. John Wayne’s retirement marked an end of era. However, westerns have taken these seemingly simple conflicts and turned them into intricate and complex films. The Crime and Gangster genre centers on the sinister actions of criminals or gangsters, or other shady characters who do not follow the law and lead violent lives. This protagonist … Star Wars (1977)  Some of the best westerns of this type were made with director Anthony Mann and actor Jimmy Stewart. ), The story of James Braddock, a supposedly washed-up boxer who came back, to become a champion and an inspiration in the 1930s. http://bit.ly/1P4GcrE Book Recommendation https://amzn.to/2XZynKwWhat is it about films that draw us to them. A man in white fights the villainous black mustachioed man for the hand of the girl in order to ride away happily ever after into the sunset. Another film that does this is the original Gojira where the destruction of Japan, the anger of the infamous kaiju monster, and the new weapon of mass destruction dubbed “Water Destroyer” are all commentary on the effects of nuclear war in a post World War II era. Crime Movie Genres. While there are a multitude of genres in literature, a representative sampling of genres and their characteristics makes it easier to understand genre theory. Film Genre Theory Genre Theory involves classifying a film into a category that contains other films that have similar aspects. Hidalgo (2004) Film genre defines a type of aesthetic framework in cinema and in filmmaking set-ups. Genre is just as important as the story on its own; it manages our expectations and schemas. Crime Genre. Uses genre theory to discuss the shift from film noir to neo-noir and describes genres as constantly evolving entities. The text assigned for the class characterizes sci-fi as dealing “with adventures in outer space or intrusions from extraterrestrials” (Corrigan 93). The Mark of Zorro (1940) There are many subgenres within science fiction as well. These could be similar narratives, characters, filming techniques, or other formal features. Here are some clips to a few of the good ones Rocky, Raging Bull, and The Fighter: The Epic/Historical Film Genre has an incredibly wide range of films that it can encompass. The characters in these movies are often materialistic self-destructive megalomaniacs. Robin Hood, Prince of Thieves (1991) In social communities. (116 mins.  The Hays Production Code changed the way these films were made. John Ford dominated the 1940’s with the dark classic My Darling Clementine (1946) and the “cavalry” trilogy. The trilogy depicts the activities done by the Mafia-crime family, the Corleones, and the graphic violence that ensues because of it. There are a variety of ways, reasons why, and how to define genre. “The fundamental problems or conflicts in the boxing film can be organized into four categories: body versus soul, opportunity versus difference; market values versus family values; and anger versus justice. This general setting invokes certain themes westerns have in that they showcase the primitive and outdated ways of life and embody the spirit and struggle of the American frontier.  The film heavily critiqued society and crime, and portrayed criminals in a very unsympathetic way. Standard genre characters vary according to the film genre; for film noir, for example, standard characters include the femme fatale and the "hardboiled" detective; a We… The film was the first to have a gangster use a machine gun and had a total of 28 on-screen deaths throughout the film. However, the genre saw a resurgence in popularity and status in the early 1940’s through the renowned hit of John Ford’s Stage Coach (1939). Genre studies have perhaps gained the most recognition in film theory, where the study of genre directly contrasts with auteur theory, which privileges the director's role in crafting a movie.  Additionally, Scarface: The Shame of a Nation was so violent that the Hays Production Code of Censorship was completely revamped in order to not allow such a film. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) a Western is a adult male and his Equus caballus. Due to the production codes, the crime and gangster genre was very limited and the censorship wasn’t let go until the 1960’s. Following by narratives, fall under Wright’s (1977) four plots, Shane (Steven 1953) as classical plot and The Searcher … Another director, Sam Peckinpah, also contributed to the spaghetti westerns with films like The Wild Bunch (1969). They accomplished this by casting big actors and focusing on American victories and triumph. A Semantic/Syntactic Approach to Film Genre rick altman 27 4. Moreover, it helps us predict where the story … Some are mental, others physical in nature, but all challenge the hero to the edge of their character. These films were openly criticized for having too much violence and for glorifying criminal behavior. Some people may group by period, country , director, or purpose. Braveheart (1995) (144 mins. This genre has undergone quite a transformation throughout its history in the way it portrays its characters and war in general. It is usually associated with other genres but signifies larger productions or thematic elements than those of other films in those genres. Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (2006) 2 Drama Crime Genre Drama Crime Genre Genre theory is to help in the study of films to expedite the categorization of films. This is how Barry Keith Grant opens his book Film Genre. Gunga Din (1939) Francis Ford Coppola’s The Godfather is even considered one of the best films of all time. The films became increasingly complex with flawed outlaw-heroes and darker plotlines. Film Genre: Theory and Criticism by Barry Keith Grant (Author) ISBN-13: 978-0810810594. Instead, the genre lived on with the spaghetti western. ), An emotionally self-destructive boxer’s journey through life, as the violence and temper, that leads him to the top in the ring,destroys his life outside it. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Over the years, the Crime and Gangster genre has been criticized for its glorification of gangsters and depictions of incredible violence. The driving force behind horror has always been to draw inspiration from mythology, urban legends, fairy tales, and literature. The Perfect Storm (2000) A film genre is a motion picture category based on similarities in either the emotional response to the film (namely, tragic, comic, etc.) After World War II, the stylization of westerns made a shift to a darker kind of film. That may be somewhat of a tautology that uses the definitions of the words ‘science’ and ‘fiction’, but it’s really the only common thread among all of the films described here. Genre is a glossary for different movies that depend on circumstances such as the storyline, the director's expectations, and audience expectations. Good westerns were still made but very sparingly and this pattern still follows today. Many also consider George Lucas’ original Star Wars trilogy (1977-1983), Peter Jackson’s The Lord Of The Rings trilogy (2001-2003) and the Harry Potter (2001-2011) series to be epics when looked at as bodies of work. Genre Theorists David Buckingham – Genre in Constant Process of Negotiation and Change: “Genre must respond to socio-economic and cultural change e.g. The basic genres include fiction and documentary, from which subgenres have emerged, such as docudrama. Hudson’s Bay (1940) Thematically, the crime and gangster often portrays the twisted pursuit of the American Dream and promotes an ideal that even with the excessive wealth and power, the crime is not worth it. Francis Ford Coppola’s masterpiece, The Godfather. and the chief characters are frequently outlaws or underdogs. The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) King Kong (2005) Common things that appear in this genre are nightclubs, dark streets or remote areas of a city, large quantities of cash, drugs, and of course guns. Became increasingly complex with flawed outlaw-heroes and darker plotlines: genre fiction - genre film battles... 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