the word of wisdom lds

“The Lord also counsels us against the use of ‘hot drinks’ (D&C 89:9). Obedience to the Word of Wisdom brings temporal and spiritual blessings, D&C 89:18–21. The revelation invites hearers to trust in a God who has the power to deliver great rewards, spiritual and physical, in return for obedience to divine command. [20] Instead, the revelation encouraged the consumption of basic staples of the kind that had sustained life for millennia. LDS Quotations is a resource for quotes on Word of Wisdom and 100s of other … The "Word of Wisdom" is the common name of an 1833 section of the Doctrine and Covenants, a book considered by many churches within the Latter Day Saint movement to consist of revelations from God. Soon after receiving the Word of Wisdom, Joseph Smith appeared before the elders of the School of the Prophets and read the revelation to them. 5:21). On the night Joseph Smith was visited by the angel Moroni for the first time, in the fall of 1823, the angel quoted a line from the book of Joel and said it was about to be fulfilled: “I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh,” the passage read (Joel 2:28; emphasis added). Brigham Young, Discourse, Feb. 8, 1868. Herbs, fruits, flesh, and grain are ordained for the use of man and of animals, D&C 89:10–17. The Lord has always taught His followers principles of health. The Word of Wisdom remains to light our way. Susan Easton Black and Andrew C. Skinner (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005), 165–75. In the words of one authority, alcohol “stupefies their feelings, benumbs their moral sensibilities, weakens the powers of digestion, and in course brings on dispepsia, than which a more formidable disease hardly afflicts the human race” (“On Drunkenness,” Connecticut Herald, Feb. 21, 1826, 1). They took a more moderate approach to milder alcoholic beverages like beer and “pure wine of the grape of the vine, of your own make.”16 For the next two generations, Latter-day Saint leaders taught the Word of Wisdom as a command from God, but they tolerated a variety of viewpoints on how strictly the commandment should be observed. On February 27, 1833, the Lord revealed which foods should we eat and which substances must be avoided. For other ways the Word of Wisdom may have departed from accepted wisdom, see Steven C. Harper, Making Sense of the Doctrine and Covenants: A Guided Tour through Modern Revelations (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2008), 332–33. Strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it, Isa. I find it useful to think of the Word of Wisdom as a parable in the sense that it does not convey just one surface truth that every reader is … Same goes for the church’s two-volume handbook, which stake presidents, bishops and other LDS leaders use to guide their congregations. Isaac McCoy,” New Hampshire Repository, vol. (New York: Free Press, 1987), 35. Insofar as temperance reform made people less dependent on addictive substances, prompting humility and righteous action, the movement surely was inspired by God. It is also the name of a health code based on this scripture, practiced most strictly by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and Mormon fundamentalists, and to a lesser extent, some other Latter Day Saint denominations. Besides rejecting the use of tobacco, the Word of Wisdom also came down against alcoholic beverages: “Inasmuch as any man drinketh wine or Strong drink among you behold it is not good, neither mete in the sight of your Father.”15, Nevertheless, it required time to wind down practices that were so deeply ingrained in family tradition and culture, especially when fermented beverages of all kinds were frequently used for medicinal purposes. The Lord has always taught His followers principles of health. 1981), 881; Rorabaugh, “Alcohol in America,” 17. She may have complained of being asked to perform this thankless task, but there was also a more practical consideration: “She could not make the floor look decent,” Brigham Young recalled.7 The stains were impossible to get out. American consumption of distilled spirits climbed precipitously, from two and a half gallons a person in 1790 to seven gallons in 1830, the highest amount of any time in American history and a figure three times today’s consumption rate.11, This elevated alcohol consumption offended religious sensibilities. Do not drink wine nor strong drink, Lev. The only official interpretation of “hot drinks” (D&C 89:9) in the Word of Wisdom is the statement made by early Church leaders that the term “hot drinks” means tea and coffee. It includes instruction about what foods are good for us and those substances to avoid. Temperance reformers often tried to frighten their hearers by linking alcohol consumption with a host of horrific diseases or social ills.24 The Word of Wisdom offered no such rationale. See John A. Widtsoe and Leah D. Widtsoe, The Word of Wisdom: A Modern Interpretation (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1950). Grain farmers in western Pennsylvania and Tennessee found it cheaper to manufacture whiskey than to ship and sell perishable grains. The Church’s “Doubling Down” on the Word of Wisdom Could it be that the speculation of the possibility that coffee and tea was soon to be made kosher (so to speak) in Mormonism cause the leadership some angst. Grant to call on all Saints to live the Word of Wisdom to the letter by completely abstaining from all alcohol, coffee, tea, and tobacco. Strong drink, the revelation says simply, is “not good.” Similarly spare explanations are given for the injunctions against tobacco and hot drinks.25 The revelation can be understood more as an arbiter and less as a participant in the cultural debate. By 1900, regular bathing had become routine for a large portion of the population, especially the middle classes, who had adopted gentility as an ideal.5 Tobacco spitting shifted from being a publicly acceptable practice among most segments of the population to becoming seen as a filthy habit beneath the dignity of polite society. See W. J. Rorabaugh, The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979), 25–57; W. J. Rorabaugh, “Alcohol in America,” OAH Magazine of History, vol. Church Manuals (part of the correlated curriculum produced officially by the LDS Church) “We must obey the Word of Wisdom to be worthy to enter the temple. See Harper, Making Sense of the Doctrine and Covenants, 328. See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113. 74 (Mar. 3:16–17. Doctrine and Covenants 89:6; see also “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113. They were to cry repentance unto the people and gather in the Lord’s elect. See “Revelation, 2 January 1831 [D&C 38],” in Revelation Book 1, 51, josephsmithpapers.org. It has become commonly referred to as the Word of Wisdom. The idea soon became a central plank of the American Temperance Society (ATS), organized in Boston in 1826. Lyman Beecher, a leader in this reform movement, advocated even more extreme measures, endorsing full abstinence from alcoholic beverages. The Mormon dietary or health code is called the "Word of Wisdom." The prohibition in question is against ‘hot drinks.’ The scene in the School of the Prophets would have been enough to give any non-tobacco user like Joseph Smith cause for concern.6 Joseph’s wife, Emma, told him that the environment concerned her. The Word of Wisdom is a law of health for the physical and spiritual benefit of God's children. The brethren did not have to be told what the words meant. In 1830, reformers persuaded the U.S. Congress to remove the import duty on coffee. He explained, “Brigham Young’s enforcement of the Word of Wisdom as a binding commandment, rather than as the “good advice” that it had been for decades, was driven by the need to keep scarce cash in Utah Territory; and a proscription on the purchase and use of luxury goods such as … The American Temperance Society adopted a formal pledge of abstinence from all alcoholic beverages in 1831. The prohibitions are binding upon the Saints; the counsel, precisely because it is counsel, is up to each of us as individuals. The Puritans called alcohol the “Good Creature of God,” a blessing from heaven to be imbibed in moderation. By 1800, tobacco was known to cure a long list of ailments: abdominal pain, snake bites, scurvy, piles, “madness,” and dozens of more ills. Brigham Young, Discourse, December 2, 1867; February 8, 1868, Papers of George D. Watt, shorthand transcribed by LaJean Purcell Carruth, Church History Library, Salt Lake City. See Bush, “The Word of Wisdom in Early Nineteenth-Century Perspective,” 52. Joseph Smith announced this revelation Feb. 27, 1833. 20:1. Question: Does the Word of Wisdom prohibit the eating of meat except during periods of winter, cold or famine? Did Joseph Smith simply draw upon ideas already existing in his environment and put them forward as revelation? As a consequence, the number of distilleries grew rapidly after 1780, boosted by settlement of the corn belt in Kentucky and Ohio and the vast distances to eastern markets. 1:8. Frances Trollope, Domestic Manners of the Americans, 2 vols. In the midst of this cultural shift, at the very moment when everyday people started to concern themselves with their own cleanliness and bodily health, the Word of Wisdom arrived to light the way. Today Church members are expected to live this higher standard.17, American temperance reformers succeeded in the 1830s in no small part by identifying a substitute for alcohol: coffee. Clearly, meat is permitted" D&C 89:12. Kirtland had its own temperance society, as did many small towns.14 Precisely because alcohol reform was so often discussed and debated, the Saints needed a way of adjudicating which opinions were right. Clearly, meat is permitted [see D&C 42:18]. The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith which types of foods to eat and which to avoid, along with a promise of temporal and spiritual blessings for obeying the Word of Wisdom. James Covel and the “Cares of the World”, “I Quit Other Business”: Early Missionaries, Religious Enthusiasm among Early Ohio Converts, “Man Was Also in the Beginning with God”, “Our Hearts Rejoiced to Hear Him Speak”, Mercy Thompson and the Revelation on Marriage, Susa Young Gates and the Vision of the Redemption of the Dead, “The Word of Wisdom,” Revelations in Context (2016), “The Word of Wisdom,” Revelations in Context, Like many other revelations in the early Church, Doctrine and Covenants 89, also known today as the Word of Wisdom, came in response to a problem. On Joseph Smith’s non-use of tobacco, see Brigham Young, Discourse, Feb. 8, 1868, Papers of George D. Watt, transcribed by LaJean Purcell Carruth, Church History Library, Salt Lake City. 6 (May 3, 1824), 70; “From the Times and Advertiser,” Times and Hartford Advertiser, Jan. 3, 1826, 4. Those who wish to be baptised members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints must be willing to listen to and obey the prophets- which includes such things as the Law of Chastity, paying our tithing, and the Word of Wisdom, even though these things are not commandments. Such concerns are unwarranted. See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113; “City Marshall’s Department,” City Gazette and Commercial [Charleston, South Carolina], Apr. Generally what is taught is that the WOW commandment was given as a direct revelation from God in response to Emma's complaining about the men using chewing tobacco and messing up the floo… The Lord often uses poetic words, with layered meanings, to teach us, and I believe that this is true of the words He uses in D&C 89, the Word of Wisdom. The Word of Wisdom rejected the idea of a substitute for alcohol. This is not to say that all health proposals of the time relied on elaborate argumentation. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The, Signs of the Birth and Death of Jesus Christ. See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113; see also Doctrine and Covenants 89:5. Orson Hyde was the main instructor that first term, but Joseph Smith seems to have had a regular presence. “The Word of Wisdom is a law of health for the physical and spiritual benefit of God’s children. The Word of Wisdom in Mormon Scriptures. See Lester E. Bush Jr., “The Word of Wisdom in Early Nineteenth-Century Perspective,” Dialogue, vol. In 1921, observance of the Word of Wisdom became a requirement for admission to the temple. See “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 113, josephsmithpapers.org; punctuation standardized; see also Doctrine and Covenants 89:8. See Robert H. Abzug, Cosmos Crumbling: American Reform and Religious Imagination (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 98. It includes instruction about what foods are good for us and those substances to avoid. 1 A a Word of Wisdom, for the benefit of the council of high priests, assembled in Kirtland, and the church, and also the saints in Zion— 2 To be sent greeting; not by commandment or constraint, but by revelation and the a word of wisdom, showing forth the order and b will of God in the temporal salvation of all saints in the last days— In some ways, the American health reform movement has faded from view. Jean Birrell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1988); Richard L. Bushman and Claudia L. Bushman, “The Early History of Cleanliness in America,” Journal of American History, vol. In the 20th century, some Latter-day Saints sought to isolate the offending chemicals in the substances prohibited in the Word of Wisdom, but such analysis was never accepted as Church doctrine and went beyond the reasoning of the revelation itself. The strategy worked. 18, 1823, 3; “Gaming,” Berks and Schuylkill Journal (Reading, Pennsylvania), Jan. 8, 1825, 3. “Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89],” in Sidney Gilbert, Notebook, 114; see also “Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49],” in Revelation Book 1, 81, josephsmithpapers.org. See Steven R. Sorensen, “Schools of the Prophets,” in Daniel H. Ludlow, ed., Encyclopedia of Mormonism, 5 vols. I will be discussing this principle in greater detail in the next article. 24:9. 67 (Mar. A law of health revealed by the Lord for the physical and spiritual benefit of the Saints (D&C 89). By the mid-1830s, the ATS had grown to well over a million members, many of them teetotalers.13, Encouraged by the ATS, local temperance societies popped up by the thousands across the U.S. countryside. It has become commonly referred to as the Word of Wisdom. (For more on this and to see the teachings of LDS leaders on the Word of Wisdom, click here. Whoso forbiddeth that man should not eat meats is not ordained of God, D&C 49:18–21. In the LDS Church, compliance with the Word of Wisdom is currently a … Moderation rather than abstinence was applied to virtually all of the “do nots” of the Word of Wisdom until the early 20th century. Well, I’m here to tell you that the Word of Wisdom proved to be the b. After the Revolution, tea drinking came to be seen as unpatriotic and largely fell out of favor—the way was open for a rival stimulant to emerge. After molasses imports were cut off, Americans sought a substitute for rum by turning to whiskey. For other such arguments, see “Twenty Dollars Reward,” Daily National Intelligencer, Sept. 23, 1823, 4; “Rev. Instead of arguing from a position of fear, the Word of Wisdom argues from a position of confidence and trust. The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith which types of foods to eat and which to avoid, along with a promise of temporal and spiritual blessings for obeying the Word of Wisdom. Home-brewed beer was a favorite, and after 1700, British-American colonists drank fermented peach juice, hard apple cider, and rum either imported from the West Indies or distilled from molasses made there. " The Word of Wisdom is a law of health for the physical and spiritual benefit of God's children. Daniel would not defile himself with the king’s meat and wine, Dan. On the tightening up of Word of Wisdom observance, see Thomas G. Alexander, Mormonism in Transition: A History of the Latter-day Saints, 1890–1930 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986), 258–71; Paul H. Peterson and Ronald W. Walker, “Brigham Young’s Word of Wisdom Legacy,” BYU Studies, vol. 42, nos. If we do not obey the Word of Wisdom, the Lord’s Spirit withdraws from us” (Gospel Principles, 2009, p.167). 3–4 (2003), 29–64. The former sermon is unpublished. As early as 1784, both Quakers and Methodists were advising their members to abstain from all hard liquor and to avoid participation in its sale and manufacture.12 A more aggressive temperance movement took hold among the churches in the early decades of the 19th century. See Addison Parker, Address Delivered before the Southbridge Temperance Society, on the Evening of Dec. 1, 1830 (Southbridge: Josiah Snow, 1830), 7–8; Fifth Report of the American Temperance Society, Presented at the Meeting in Boston, May 1832 (Boston: Aaron Russell, 1832), 47, 95, 112. The answer was unequivocal: “Tobacco is not for man but is for bruises & all sick cattle; to be used with judgement & skill.”8, Tobacco was just one of a host of substances pertaining to bodily health and cleanliness whose merits were hotly debated on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean at the time the Word of Wisdom was received. In 1921, the Lord inspired President Heber J. During the early 1800’s, drinking alcoholic beverages was a common and accepted practice among Americans, including the members of the church. The published version changes the wording to reflect complaint more than consternation: “the complaints of his wife at having to clean so filthy a floor” (“Remarks,” 2). For a published version of the latter sermon, see Brigham Young, “Remarks,” Deseret News: Semi-Weekly, Feb. 25, 1868, 2. Drunkards shall not inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Cor. LDS Quotes on & about Word of Wisdom presented in an easy-to-read format. President Grant clearly taught the revelation as a commandment, not as a guideline or a suggestion. Over time, Church leaders have provided additional instruction on those things that are encouraged or forbidden by the Word of Wisdom, and have taught that substances that are destructive, habit-forming … (London, 1832), 2:101. See Norbert Elias, The History of Manners, trans. Wine is a mocker, and strong drink is raging, Prov. The Word of Wisdom is part of the church’s gospel that pertains to physical health, including topics such as the use of prescription and illegal … See Lender and Martin, Drinking in America, 71–72; Tyrrell, Sobering Up, 225–51. By 1833, coffee had entered “largely into the daily consumption of almost every family, rich and poor.” The Baltimore American called it “among the necessaries of life.”18 Although coffee enjoyed wide approval by the mid-1830s, including within the medical community, a few radical reformers such as Sylvester Graham and William A. Alcott preached against the use of any stimulants whatsoever, including coffee and tea.19, The Word of Wisdom rejected the idea of a substitute for alcohol. (New York: Macmillan, 1992), 3:1269; Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary on the Doctrine and Covenants (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985), 191–92. See Gordon Wood, Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 339; Joseph F. Kett, “Temperance and Intemperance as Historical Problems,” Journal of American History, vol. It includes instruction about what foods are good for us and those substances to avoid. 24 (Sept. 1996), 383. In Kirtland, many men in the Church were called to preach in various parts of the United States. In the 18th century, coffee was considered a luxury item, and British-manufactured tea was much preferred. In short terms, it is a health code for the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints which we must abide by in order to go to the sacred temple and to have a healthy living. Vaping is clearly against the Word of Wisdom.” The topics page on the church’s resource link defines the Word of Wisdom as a pattern for a healthy lifestyle. Like many other revelations in the early Church, Doctrine and Covenants 89, also known today as the Word of Wisdom, came in response to a problem. A candidate for baptism or admittance to an LDS temple must agree to abide by the faith's Word of Wisdom, a health code that bars the use of these substances. The term “strong drink” is a biblical phrase applying to wine, but temperance reformers often gave the term a more expansive definition that included distilled spirits. As valuable as the Word of Wisdom is as a law of health, it may be much more valuable to you spiritually than it is physically.” Boyd K. Packer, November 1979 Ensign . The Word of Wisdom is a health code included in the Doctrine and Covenants, a book of scripture used by Latter-day Saints. When the Word of Wisdom was first revealed members struggled with the don'ts. A law of health revealed by the Lord for the physical and spiritual benefit of the Saints ( D&C 89 ). Latter-day Saints who learn of the American health reform movements of the 1820s and 1830s may wonder how these movements relate to the Word of Wisdom. Many faiths have dietary laws, and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is one of them. The Word of Wisdom: Hope, Healing, and the Destroying Angel Is an important book for all members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to read because it breaks down the Word of Wisdom into three sections, the Don'ts, the Sometimes and the Dos. By 1840, per capita consumption in America had fallen to about three gallons, the steepest 10-year drop in American history. 6:10 (Gal. He and Emma lived in the Whitney store, and the task of scrubbing the spittle from the hardwood fell upon her. The Word of Wisdom contains two kinds of instructions: (1) prohibitions, and (2) counsel. But the spread of middle-class refinement in the early decades of the 19th century brought a new round of public critics. Leonard Arrington, official LDS historian, wrote An Economic Interpretation of Word of Wisdom, thoroughly documenting how and why Brigham Young took Smith’s good advice and turned it into a commandment. Coffee fell to 10 cents a pound, making a cup of coffee the same price as a cup of whiskey, marking whiskey’s decline. ed. "The Word of Wisdom is not a system of vegetarianism. We find that there is a high degree of variation in Word of Wisdom compliance. Joseph began inquiring of the Lord about what could be done, and on February 27, scarcely a month after the school started, he received the revelation later canonized as Doctrine and Covenants 89. “Hot drinks”—which Latter-day Saints understood to mean coffee and tea20—“are not for the body or belly,” the revelation explained.21 Instead, the revelation encouraged the consumption of basic staples of the kind that had sustained life for millennia. 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