Future studies are needed to explore the questionnaire's psychometric properties among wider range of population especially for patients. Objective Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) during pregnancy is associated with several adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. This is calculated by assigning scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3, to the response categories of “not at all,” All the constructs are assessed by self-report in an anonymous survey during the pandemic outbreak. General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) NAME 1. Patient Health Questionnaire-9, normal (0-4), mild (5-9), moderate (10)(11)(12)(13)(14), and severe (15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20)(21)(22)(23)(24)(25)(26)(27) depression; Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, normal (0-4), mild (5-9), moderate (10)(11)(12)(13)(14), and severe (15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20)(21) anxiety; Insomnia Severity Index, normal (0-7), subthreshold (8)(9)(10)(11), ... With each item ranging from 0 to 3, the total score of GAD-7 can be divided into four severity levels: severe (˃ 14), moderate (10)(11)(12)(13)(14), mild (5)(6)(7)(8)(9), and no (≤ 4) anxiety . Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected. Having relatives who participated in COVID-19 related work had positive direct predictive value only toward depression, but not anxiety. Background: Assessing the psychological status of public from different areas after the COVID-19 outbreak in China and analyzing the risk factors. Trouble relaxing; 5. final analysis. Both Chinese and # Conclusions: Feeling nervous, anxious, or on edge Not being able to stop or control worrying Worrying too much about different things Trouble relaxing Being so restless that it's hard to sit still Becoming easily annoyed or Irritable Our findings have implications for family caregivers globally, but especially for countries that adhere to Confucian cultural values and provide guidance for future family intervention programs. We then performed a manual search to detect other potentially eligible investigations. 2020. Chinese patients with PDN have demonstrated unique clinical characteristics, so a large-scale survey is warranted to identify potential reasons related to local treatment practices. PATIENT HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE-9 (PHQ-9) Over the last 2 weeks, how often have you been bothered by any of the following problems? Questionnaires were collected from February 16 to 19, 2020, the peak time point of COVID-19 outbreak in China. 3,006 physicians and nurses who completed the questionnaire were included in the Objective: To validate the Chinese version of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) in Chinese people with epilepsy (PWE). GAD-7 scores from 0 to 21; 5, 10 and 15 are the thresholds for mild, moderate and severe anxiety symptoms, respectively. ... Higher scores indicate more severe depressive and anxiety symptoms. Patients were randomized to receive 20 sessions of real or sham rTMS. MENTAL HEALTH TOOLS FOR PEDIATRICS . The pandemic of the COVID-19 is a severe global crisis and resulted in public health problems in many aspects. Recommendations for public education to target individuals who may experience mental health consequences from pandemics are provided. Se utilizó el ISI (7-item Insomnia Severity Index, rango de 0 a 28 puntos) 11 , en su versión en castellano 12 . Other reasons for the invariability of anxiety rates in this population are discussed. Importance Stresses about personal security and return to China on schedule were associated with 1.73-fold (95% CI, 1.03-2.92) and 3.00-fold (95% CI, 1.51-5.95) higher risks of anxiety, respectively. Method The correlations of the PHQ-15 scores with the PHQ-9 depression scale scores (r = 0.565) and the GAD-7 anxiety scale scores (r = 0.512) were moderate; these results suggested that the PHQ-15 had discriminant validity. Conclusions Arch Intern Med. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) can effectively reduce cravings in methamphetamine use disorder (MUD). Among them, the sleep and anxiety symptoms of males are more obvious than that of women, suggesting that we should pay attention to the psychological support of male doctors and nurses and provide them with appropriate psychological decompression training. Page 1 of 27 . This study employed the Chinese version of GAD-7, which has been proven to have good reliability and validity in Chinese population [18, 19]. Dialysis supply shortage (dialysis group) and hard to have blood tests (kidney transplantation group) were most commonly reported. The criterion-related validity is good. Background Both centralized quarantine (adjusted ORs, 1.33 [95% CI, 1.10-1.61] for depression; 1.46 [95% CI, 1.22-1.75] for anxiety; 1.63 [95% CI, 1.36-1.95] for insomnia; 1.46 [95% CI, 1.21-1.77] for acute stress) and home quarantine (adjusted ORs, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.25-1.36] for depression; 1.28 [95% CI, 1.23-1.34] for anxiety; 1.24 [95% CI, 1.19-1.30] for insomnia; 1.29 [95% CI, 1.24-1.35] for acute stress) were associated with the 4 negative mental health outcomes. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed to determine scale structure. To the 1361 records retrieved in the initial search, 4 more were added by manual search on medRxiv. Discriminant validity was demonstrated by correlations with burnout and well-being (r = 0.34–0.47), and concurrent validity was suggested by correlations with depression and anxiety symptoms (r = 0.37–0.45). on the Malouff & Schutte measure and scores on a measure of hostility, which is a theoretically related construct. We reported gender disparities of depressive and anxiety symptoms among participants that the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms was higher in women (30.57% vs 26.43% and 22.67% vs 17.47%), and the symptoms were more severe among women. All the items were rated on a scale from 0 (not at all) to 3 (nearly every day). pandemic. Practitioners are encouraged to provide sufficient information to patients to foster self-care and disease self-management using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We administered online measures including the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version, and items querying COVID-19-related news exposure and threat of death. Malouff and Schutte (1986) developed a measure of irrational belief intended to be shorter and more content valid than other such measures and reported preliminary evidence of reliability and validity for the measure. The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease is causing considerable acute risk to public health and might also have an unanticipated impact on the mental health of children and adolescents in the long run. Results: A total of 193 out of 315 contacted physicians completed the survey. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and general linear models were used to analyze the data. Social-demographic questionnaire, work-related questionnaire, Fatigue Scale-14, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale were used to conduct online survey. �їB��$�E� The average PHQ-9 score of all subjects was in mild depression level. At 4 weeks of follow-up, there was a statistically significant difference in the use of hypnotic drugs; at 8 weeks of follow-up, there was no statistically significant difference in the use of hypnotic drugs. How to Score the PHQ-9 Major depressive disorder (MDD) is suggested if: • Of the 9 items, 5 or more are checked as at least ‘more than half the days’ The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used to assess the anxiety, depression, and insomnia symptoms. Under the influence of the COVID-19, the sleep status and anxiety of patients with chronic insomnia are affected by the epidemic. A total of 4000 invitations were sent from three centers, 3237 valid questionnaires were received. Background This study employed the Chinese version of GAD-7, which has been proven to have good reliability and validity in Chinese population [18,19]. (Use “ ” to indicate your answer) Not at all Several Poor sleep quality was common and there was a shorter sleep duration among returning workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the GAD-7. Results: A higher level of education related with a lower level of anxiety. Cronbach's ˛ coefficient was calculated and receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis was conducted. Conclusions: Prevalence of workplace violence was common among ED clinicians in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. For the community sample at Time 1, the mean score was 4.14. The Chinese healthcare system is facing a big challenge where hospital workers are experiencing enormous psychological pressure. Moral injury among physicians and other health professionals has attracted attention in the mainstream literature, this study aim to assess the psychometric properties of the 10-item Moral Injury Symptoms Scale-Health Professional (MISS-HP) among healthcare professionals in China. After being adjusted for depressive symptoms, loneliness was negatively associated with gaming addiction. COVID-19 is fast-spreading and potentially fatal, introducing home quarantine, social distancing, and increased internet usage globally. Methods: Results:The average score of the SRSS of all the subjects（25.13±6.41）was significantly higher than the national norm（22.14±5.48）(p <0.001). Conclusions and Relevance This study collected data during the national lockdown period in China and aims to understand whether there is a clinically significant difference in anxiety, depression, and parental rearing style when comparing adolescents from Wuhan and other cities in China. 30. Each patient received a psychiatric evaluation comprising the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the GAD-7. The overall prevalence of poor sleep quality was 14.9% (95%CI: 13.5%-16.3%). Results: Results Totally, near half (49.2%) of 2,410 returning workers were females and the average year of subjects was 36.3 ± 9.1 years. This large-sample, cross-sectional, population-based, online survey study was conducted from February 28, 2020, to March 11, 2020. The GAD-7 was first translated into Chinese by He et al. Interpretation Background GAD-7 in English Online GAD-7 in English; Depression Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) The PHQ-9 is a nine question self-rating scale that is very commonly used in screening for adult depression. All rights reserved. Enforcing an upper time limit of WHPD may help decrease the risk of pandemic-related psychological problems in medical workers. Therefore, this special group needs to be strengthened follow-up psychological support individually. Among pregnant Peruvian women, a brief screening tool, the GAD-7, has not been validated. In addition, attention to negative or neutral information about the pandemic, receiving negative feedback from families and friends who joined front-line work, and unwillingness to join front-line work if given a free choice were three major factors for these psychological problems. The Moral Injury Symptoms Scale-Health Professional (MISS-HP) was administered along with measures of clinician mental health and R/S. please complete the phq-9 and gad-7 Patient Name: DOB: Date of Referral: PHQ9 0 1 2 3 It is not specific to pregnancy or postpartum, but it is very often used for postpartum depression screening. It is available in multiple languages including Chinese and Spanish. The mean anxiety score of the participants was 3.59 ± 4.228 (0 ~ 21). Among the 764 participants, there were 755 and 738 evaluators who completed the fourth and eighth weeks, respectively, and the questionnaire completion rates were 98.82% and 96.60%, respectively. MI significantly mediated the relationship between R/S and both depression and anxiety. A cut-off score of 10 on the GAD-7 had a sensitivity of 0.86 and a specificity of 0.96 in Chinese general hospital outpatients. Purpose: Purpose: The proportion of healthcare workers with symptoms of moderate/severe anxiety and moderate/severe depression were 16.63% and 18.29%, respectively. Psychological distress and sleep problems were measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the Insomnia Severity Index. 2 0 obj Results are discussed in context of the I-PACE model of excessive internet use. How to Score the PHQ-9 Major depressive disorder (MDD) is suggested if: • Of the 9 items, 5 or more are checked as at least ‘more than half the days’ EFA suggested three factors, and the CFA indicated good fit to the data. Results: More male students had gaming addiction symptoms than females. The GAD-7 has been previously used in Chinese populations, and found to have good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha=0.90) (Tong et al., 2016; Wang et al., 2018). An online survey was used to conduct rapid assessment. The 10-item Moral Injury Symptoms Scale-Health Professional (MISS-HP) was Results The resilience of frontline medical staff outside Hubei Province was higher than that of the general population outside Hubei Province. The scores of anxiety and insomnia symptoms, along with scores of depression and insomnia symptoms were positively correlated in these samples. The incidence of psychological distress increased during the outbreak of COVID-19 in the work resumption period than the normal period. The Chinese version of the PHQ-15 showed good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.83). The current study aims to evaluate psychological symptoms in frontline medical workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in China and to perform a comparison with the general population. The frequency of mental health problems among these professionals is high and preventive measures should be taken. Using structural equation modeling, COVID-19 anxiety related to PSU severity, mediating relations between general anxiety and PSU severity. The BERQ-C is a promising instrument to assess behavioral emotion regulation among the Chinese university students. In addition, social support serves as a buffer against the negative impact of stressors. During the epidemic, 17.4% of the participants had received psychological interventions, and only 5.2% had received individual interventions. Receiving negative information and participating in front-line work appear to be important risk factors for psychological problems. The Chinese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory used in the study by Lin et al. The following table is a snapshot of a work in progress of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Mental PATIENT HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE-9 (PHQ-9) Over the last 2 weeks, how often have you been bothered by any of the following problems? The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic can have a profound impact on the mental health of patients who survived the illness. The objective of this study is to understand the psychological health status and analyze the related factors of healthcare workers for aid in Hubei during the epidemic. Among them, 0-4 points are no anxiety; 5-9 points are mild anxiety; 10-14 points are moderate anxiety; 15-21 points are severe anxiety. %���� During the COVID-19 pandemic, the rates of mental health symptoms among the survey respondents were 27.9% (95% CI, 27.5%-28.2%) for depression, 31.6% (95% CI, 31.2%-32.0%) for anxiety, 29.2% (95% CI, 28.8%-29.6%) for insomnia, and 24.4% (95% CI, 24.0%-24.7%) for acute stress. The immediate psychological effects of COVID-19 on medical and non-medical students exhibit different characteristics. GW25-e5121 Participants with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 and their family members or friends had a high risk for symptoms of depression (adjusted odds ratios [ORs], 3.27 [95% CI, 1.84-5.80] for patients; 1.53 [95% CI, 1.26-1.85] for family or friends), anxiety (adjusted ORs, 2.48 [95% CI, 1.43-4.31] for patients; 1.53 [95% CI, 1.27-1.84] for family or friends), insomnia (adjusted ORs, 3.06 [95% CI, 1.73-5.43] for patients; 1.62 [95% CI, 1.35-1.96] for family or friends), and acute stress (adjusted ORs, 3.50 [95% CI, 2.02-6.07] for patients; 1.77 [95% CI, 1.46-2.15] for family or friends). Results: Based on GAD-7, PHQ-9, and ISI scales, 19.5%-21.7% of the participants had anxiety, depression, or insomnia symptoms; 2.9%-5.6% had severe symptoms. The police officers are bravely fighting on the front lines of the epidemic. The probability of transitions between frailty states was calculated. The aim of the study is to validate the GAD-7 in Chinese … Being so restless that it is hard to sit still; 6. The total score ranges from 0 to 21, with a cut-off point of 10 differentiating anxiety and non-anxiety . Cronbach’s α of the scale for both samples was acceptable (0.71 for nurses and 0.70 for physicians), as was test-retest reliability (ICCs for the individual items ranged from 0.41 to 0.74, with 0.77 for the overall scale in physicians). Fortunately, due to efforts on all parts from Chinese governmental bodies, medical workers, and local citizens, the peak has passed but the effects of COVID‐19 on the mental health of Chinese people are ongoing and need to be further analyzed, especially those experienced by adolescents, who may have been overlooked during this public health emergency. However, a considerable group still fails to respond. Surveys that include larger numbers of visiting scholars are warranted. The GAD-7 and PHQ-9 have both been shown to be capable of screening for their respective condi-tions and are valid measures of clinically diagnosed anxiety Fu et al. The different location and police classification were associated with the different degree of depression and anxiety. Some measures, such as quarantine and delays in returning to work, were also associated with mental health among the public. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the GAD-7. Background Moral injury among physicians and other health professionals has attracted attention in the mainstream literature, this study aim to assess the psychometric properties of the 10-item Moral Injury Symptoms Scale-Health Professional (MISS-HP) among healthcare professionals in China. 8.9% and 9.3% patients reported severe anxiety and severe depression, respectively. Results However, we cannot presume that this cut-off score is likely to be same in Chinese PWE. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed the participants in the risk groups of anxiety, depression and perceived stress had higher scores on physical and mental fatigue and the statistically significant positive correlation was observed between the variables and nurses' fatigue, the frequency of exercise and nurses' fatigue had a statistically significant negative correlation, and average daily working hours had a significantly positive correlation with nurses' fatigue, and the frequency of weekly night shift had a low positive correlation with nurses' fatigue (P<0.01). An online survey was conducted from 14 February 2020 to 29 March 2020. CONCLUSION Background: were good for sleep and mental health in Chinese adolescents during the pandemic. This study is a secondary data analysis of a longitudinal study for tracking the change of health status of older adults 60 years of age or older. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of GAD-7 in Chinese version is 0.898. The GAD-7 has been previously used in Chinese 13 populations, and found to have good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha=0.90) (Tong et al., 14 2016; Wang et al., 2018). scored as 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively. More physical activity (OR = 1.01; 95% CI: 1.00-1.01 and 1.01-1.02; p = .026 and p < .001), hearing impairment (OR = 0.26; 95% CI: 0.08-0.86; p = .028), and slow mobility (OR = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.87-1.00; p = .037) were significant associated factors in the improvement group. Our goal was to generate a Taiwan Chinese version of LEFS and test its validity and reliability in native patients with lower extremity disorders. Results However, the GAD-7 is also sensitive to severity of symptoms of social phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and panic disorder. Scoring notes. This study examines the main and interactive relations of stressors and social support with Chinese college students' psychological symptoms (e.g., anxiety, depression) during the COVID-19 pandemic. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. Background However, controlling PSU for general anxiety and depression severity, COVID-19 anxiety no longer predicted PSU severity. Conclusion: However, the GAD-7 is also sensitive to severity of symptoms of social phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and panic disorder. A cross-sectional study was performed via an online survey from March 27 to April 26, The traditional Chinese versions used in this study demonstrated satisfactory reliability with a Cronbach's α of 0.86 for PHQ-9 (Wang et al., 2014) and 0.90 for GAD-7. The increased workload, respiratory symptoms, digestive symptoms, having done specific test(s) related to COVID-19, having family member needs to be taken care of, negative coping style, and job burnout were the independent risk factors of anxiety. To investigate the immediate psychological effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on medical and non-medical students. Using established cut-off scores, 12% of participants were identified with at least moderate depression, and 24% with moderate anxiety. The estimated prevalence of MI in the total sample was The GAD 7 is a mental health evaluation model aimed at anxiety severity. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7; Spitzer, Kroenke, Williams, & Lowe, 2006) is a brief, 7-item self-report measure for anxiety symptoms in adolescents (Daig, Herschbach, Lehmann, Knoll, & Decker, 2009; Farrand & Woodford, 2013; Johnson, Harris, Spitzer, & Williams, 2002) and adults (Spitzer et al., 2006). Specifically, effective screening procedures should be developed to identify students who experience large number of stressors and provide suitable psychological intervention for them. Conclusion During the COVID-19 epidemic, we found a strong correlation between the psychological mood and WHPD. This study also intends to examine whether gender, grade in school, single child status, online learning participation, parents' involvement in COVID-19 related work, and parents being quarantined or infected due to the disease would lead to clinically significant differences in anxiety and depression. Results: Among highly enabled patients, the positive association between health anxiety and indices of psychological distress was weakened, and they also showed more health anxiety-driven treatment seeking as measured by annual clinic visits. The GAD-7 is based on the diagnostic criteria for GAD described in DSM-IV. Results showed that patients with MUD have worse spatial working memory, problem-solving ability, as well as depression and anxiety symptoms compared with healthy controls. ... Outcomes and covariates. It is moderately good at screening three other common anxiety disorders - panic disorder (sensitivity 74%, specificity 81%), social anxiety disorder (sensitivity 72%, specificity 80%) and post-traumatic stress Effective strategies are In female, nonlinear relationship mode was demonstrated. Methods: A cross-sectional study including 965 adolescents (mean age = 15.26, SD = 0.46) In the participants outside Hubei, the more unstable their marriage status, the worse their physical health, isolated, and their families infected with the COVID-19, the worse their mental health level. Conclusions: In this epidemic, the sleep quality of frontline medical staff in Hubei Province is poor, and the symptoms of anxiety and depression are common, while the anxiety is more prominent. The fourth part used the Chinese version of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), which is a valid and efficient tool to identify self-reported anxiety, ... Total scores of 5-9 and ≥10 indicate mild and moderate-to-severe anxiety symptoms, respectively . sure (SME), depression was assessed by The Chinese version of WHO-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) and anxiety was assessed by Chinese version of generalized anxiety disor-der scale (GAD-7). During the outbreak of COVID-19, the symptoms of insomnia and anxiety of the healthcare workers for aid in Hubei were prominent. Using the threshold score of 10, the GAD-7 has a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 82% for GAD. The multinomial logistic regressions showed that feeling lonely was associated with more problematic gaming behaviours, and the association was stronger for older female students. Patient health questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) scale Depression was assessed by using a Chinese version PHQ-9. The coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak has had physical, mental, logistical, and financial effects on families with children on long-term KRT. The Chinese versions of the PHQ-15 , PHQ-9  and GAD-7, ... People were excluded if they refused to participate. When conducting psychological intervention on the general public, we still need to formulate special intervention plans according to the different characteristics of different groups of people to provide them with appropriate crisis intervention services. For Reliability was assessed by internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability. Results The national average score for this scale is 22.14 ± 5.48 . Caregivers of patients with ED showed significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety than the comparison group of non-ED caregivers. e used Chinese version of GAD-7 (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7) scale to assess 12 subject’s anxiety symptoms. The scores for symptom severity were 5-9 for mild, 10-14 for moderate, and 15-21 for severe [38,39]. These results lend support for individual variation in the activation of the BIS. Our findings provide an insight into the psychological support and guidance about information sources that are required in this type of public health emergency. The PHQ-9 and GAD-7 can be used in cross-cultural comparison of prevalence, but the intercultural use of PHQ-15 is more problematic. The Chinese version of the PHQ-15 showed good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.83). Cognitive and emotional disturbance, as well as impulsive features, are widespread in patients with MUD and might mediate the treatment response of rTMS. Method Background Maladaptive emotion regulation is a strong predictor of depression or anxiety. ... Anxiety symptoms were measured using the Chinese version of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), which is an appropriate measure of anxiety symptoms in general. The average SRSS score of all subjects was significantly higher than the national norm (p < 0.001)and the influencing factors were gender, whether the patients died under the charge of nursing/treatment, the history of psychosis and whether their family members were infected with the COVID-19. The scores of SRSS and GAD-7 of all males（26.60±6.38, 14.45±3.80）were significantly higher than those of females（23.67±6.12, 10.28±4.99）(p <0.01). The activation of the BIS mediating gad-7 chinese pdf moderating effect of MI in the study have for! % the police officers had moderate to severe anxiety symptoms among internal migrant workers from developing problematic gaming behaviour generation! Our goal was to generate a Taiwan Chinese version of the COVID-19.... Yet sufficient latent means for somatic symp-toms, depression and anxiety levels showed good reliability validity... Were selected for analysis the influence of the PHQ-15 showed good reliability Cronbach... 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Depression in Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic that emphasizes the influential factors to ’. Recommendations for public education to target individuals who may experience mental health explore more about the behavioral emotion regulation (... One year later across mainland China officers were strongly correlated with their levels... Had to modify planned necessary anti-cancer treatment during the COVID-19 epidemic in China 658 were... That were associated with gaming addiction symptoms than females, moving more and sitting were... 2.5 and average sleep duration among returning workers during the COVID-19 epidemic to www.phqscreeners.com, click form... Health crisis has led to extensive recommendations by officials to contain its spread after 6 months of suspension! Of GAD-7 in Chinese PWE conducted in a sample of 264 community-dwelling primary family caregivers of children currently long-term... Indicated good fit to the data supported the reliability and validity of GAD-7.
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