Biografia de peñaloza

BREVE REFERENCIA BIOGRÁFICA WALTER PEÑALOZA RAMELLA
Walter Peñaloza Ramella nació en Lima el año de 1920. Sus padres fueron don Manuel Peñaloza y doña Anita Ramella. Realizó sus estudios secundarios en el colegio Anglo – Peruano de Lima y sus estudios superiores en la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Se graduó de bachiller en Filosofía en 1943 con la tesis “Evolución del conocimientohelénico” y posteriormente se graduó de doctor en Filosofía con la tesis “La deducción trascendental y el acto de conocimiento racional”. Desde 1940 fue profesor en el Colegio Anglo – Peruano (hoy San Andrés); donde había terminado tres años antes su secundaria. Allí se destacó por la aplicación de una nueva metodología para la enseñanza del Castellano. El alumno se convirtió en el protagonista desu propia enseñanza y la asignatura dejó de centrarse en el aprendizaje de la gramática orientándose más al desarrollo de la expresión oral, lectura y escritura. En 1944 fue profesor por horas de Historia de la Cultura Peruana y de Estudios Supervisados en el Colegio Nacional de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe. Aquí observó que la pedagogía era deficiente y que al alumnado se le preparaba para losexámenes y no para saber. Ese año inició su funcionamiento el Colegio Militar “Leoncio Prado”, promovido y fundado por el General José del Carmen Marín. Este colegio era de educación secundaria bajo un régimen militar y con elevadas exigencias de rendimiento estudiantil y profesoral. Convocaba concursos públicos para que los profesores se incorporaran a su cuerpo docente. En 1945, Walter Peñaloza sepresentó al concurso y fue nombrado profesor de Historia de la Cultura y luego de Psicología y de Lógica. Posteriormente, por concurso, llegó a ser jefe de curso. En esta época, la tesis con que obtuvo su Bachillerato en la Universidad alcanzó el premio nacional de Filosofía y fue publicada como libro por la sociedad peruana de Filosofía. En ese mismo año, 1945, fue llamado a la UniversidadNacional Mayor de San Marcos para dictar el curso de Griego, por insistencia de José Tola Mendoza, director del Instituto Lingüístico de la Universidad. En 1946 debido a problemas políticos entre el APRA y el gobierno de Bustamante y Rivero, con el que simpatizaba, le negaron la renovación de su contrato en la universidad de San Marcos. La protesta de los estudiantes determinó que su contrato fueraextendido y poco después la Facultad de Letras le encargó el curso de Lógica. Nuestra educación de esos años, academicista y memorista, no preparaba para la vida ni para estudios ulteriores. Peñaloza consideraba que tal situación debía y podía afrontarse, abordando la formación de maestros. En 1948, Peñaloza es contratado por la Universidad de Río Piedras de Puerto Rico, para crear el curso básico deFilosofía, dentro de la Facultad de Estudios Generales. Encontrándose aún en dicha tarea, le llega en 1951, una carta del entonces Ministro de Educación, Coronel Juan Mendoza Rodríguez, donde le informa del proyecto para establecer una institución formadora de maestros, en un moderno campus que se construiría a 40 km. de Lima, en un lugar denominada La Cantuta, en Chosica. “Y le propone dirigirla.El 6 de Julio de 1953 se inauguró la Escuela Normal Central de la Cantuta, en Chosica – Lima. Walter Peñaloza, asumió su dirección iniciándose la gran experiencia formadora de maestros que este educador evocará años después en su obra: “La Cantuta. Una Experiencia en Educación”. Walter Peñaloza fue director de La Cantuta durante 10 años, donde realizó cambios radicales en la formaciónuniversitaria en general y en la formación del magisterio en particular. El año 1960 dejó La Cantuta y en 1961 empezó a trabajar en la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (UNI). Luego, fue llamado para desarrollar la temática correspondiente a Metodología de la Enseñanza Universitaria en la Universidad Nacional de San Marcos. En el año 1963, durante el gobierno de Fernando Belaúnde, fue llamado a asumir…

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