Democracia

DEMOCRACIA
I. Antecedentes. II. Constitución. III. Actualidad en México.
IV. La judicialización de la democracia
I.- ANTECEDENTES
Etimológicamente la palabra democracia deriva de dos raíces griegas DEMOS: pueblo y
KRATOS: gobierno o autoridad, que significa gobierno o autoridad del pueblo.
Este término fue acuñado en Atenas, Grecia, en el año 500 A.C., dicho estado fue el primer
ejemplo de unsistema acorde a las naciones modernas de democracia. Este sistema de gobierno
en Grecia, permitió la participación popular de un sustancial número de ciudadanos sobre bases
sólidas, donde podían participar todos los ciudadanos en las asambleas y por medio del sorteo
ocupar cargos civiles.
En Roma se presentó un sistema de república, donde RE: en latín significa cosa o asunto y
REPUBLUCUS: público,es decir, cosa que pertenecía al pueblo, nunca aceptaron un sistema
representativo basado en representaciones elegidos democráticamente.
En Inglaterra en 1653 se publicó el Instrument of Government, en el cual se consagró la
idea de la limitación del Poder Político, mediante el establecimiento de garantías frente al posible
abuso del poder real. A partir de 1688 la democracia triunfa en Inglaterra,basándose en el principio
de libertad de discusión ejercida sobre todo en el parlamento.
En la última década del siglo XX, Rusia dio una transición al gobierno democrático, donde
la democracia era frágil y gozaba de un débil apoyo.
En México existen raíces históricas que parten de la Guerra de Independencia, de ella
surge la esencia de una representación democrática. Para ello es necesarioestablecer que en el
proceso político nacional se crearon dos etapas:
La primera de ellas, se inicia con el pensamiento de las generaciones que lucharon y
lograron la emancipación del país, y concluye con la caída de la dictadura del general Porfirio Díaz.
La segunda es la Revolución Mexicana de 1910, que hasta nuestros días continúa
desenvolviéndose, es decir, es un concepto integral que da estructuraal constitucionalismo social.
La finalidad de la Guerra de Independencia fue la defensa de los derechos humanos. A
partir de su consumación, todos los documentos constitucionales producidos durante el siglo XIX y
principios del siglo XX, concibieron la idea democrática, como una estructura formal que permitía a
los ciudadanos elegir a sus gobernantes. Teniendo en mente los conceptos de ciudadanía,el voto
libre y secreto y los partidos políticos como la estructura democrática del país.
Todos estos acontecimientos que se generaron en nuestro país representan el retorno a la
democracia tal como la concibió José María Morelos y Pavón «sin justicia social no hay
democracia».
II.- CONSTITUCIÓN
El concepto constitucional de democracia lo encontramos, entre otros preceptos, en el
artículo 40 denuestra Constitución Mexicana, que al tenor dice:
«Es voluntad del pueblo mexicano constituirse en una República representativa,
democrática, federal, compuesta de estados libres y soberanos en todo lo concerniente a
su régimen interior; pero unidos en una Federación establecida según los principios de
esta Ley Fundamental».
De lo cual se traduce que nuestro país es una República Federal compuestade estados
libres y soberanos únicamente en cuanto su régimen interior, pero ligados estructuralmente en una
sola constitución en donde la vida interna sería totalmente independiente entre ellos, sin embargo
respetando la soberanía que cada uno de ellos tiene, aunque para algunos doctrinarios de la
materia constitucional los estados tienen realmente autonomía y no soberanía.
Así, el Estado Federalen México se integra por la Federación, por los Estados miembros,
en la que cada uno de ellos es soberano (en realidad los Estados son autónomos) dentro de su
competencia y por los municipios dotados de autonomía, constituyéndose los tres ordenes o
niveles de gobierno.
En nuestro sistema federal existen, fundamentalmente, dos órdenes legislativos,
subordinados a la Constitución y bajo una…

66 thoughts on “Democracia

  1. Greetings! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to
    give a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading through your articles.

    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics?
    Thanks a ton!

  2. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your
    web site. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility issues?
    A small number of my blog audience have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks
    great in Firefox. Do you have any solutions to help fix this problem?

  3. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to take
    a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m
    bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!

    Outstanding blog and amazing design and style.

  4. 283362 75904Nicely picked details, many thanks to the author. Its incomprehensive in my experience at present, nonetheless in common, the convenience and importance is mind-boggling. Regards and all of the greatest .. 364807

  5. hello there and thank you for your info – I have
    certainly picked up something new from right here.

    I did however expertise a few technical points using this web site, since I experienced to
    reload the web site lots of times previous to I could
    get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?

    Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will
    very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality
    score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for much more of your respective intriguing content.
    Make sure you update this again soon.

  6. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you
    know a few of the images aren’t loading properly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and
    both show the same results.

  7. 468889 982896Really nicely written story. It is going to be valuable to anyone who usess it, including yours truly . Keep up the good work – canr wait to read far more posts. 405961

  8. I absolutely love your blog and find most of your post’s to be what precisely I’m looking for.
    Does one offer guest writers to write content for you
    personally? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating
    on a lot of the subjects you write related to here. Again, awesome web log!

  9. I really like what you guys are up too. This kind of clever work and exposure!

    Keep up the good works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.

  10. For newest information you have to pay a visit world wide
    web and on web I found this web site as a most excellent
    site for most up-to-date updates.

  11. Good day! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and
    tell you I really enjoy reading through your articles.
    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover
    the same subjects? Thanks for your time!

  12. Nice blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What
    web host are you the use of? Can I get your affiliate hyperlink
    for your host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  13. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also
    am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; many of us
    have developed some nice methods and we are looking to exchange techniques with others,
    why not shoot me an email if interested.

  14. 57372 381181hi!,I like your writing so considerably! share we communicate a lot more about your article on AOL? I demand an expert on this area to solve my dilemma. Possibly thats you! Searching forward to see you. 526131

  15. hello!,I really like your writing very a lot!

    percentage we be in contact more approximately your article on AOL?
    I need a specialist in this house to resolve my problem. Maybe that’s you!

    Having a look ahead to see you.

  16. Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?

    I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. However just imagine if you added some great images
    or video clips to give your posts more, «pop»! Your content is excellent but with pics and videos,
    this site could definitely be one of the greatest in its niche.
    Awesome blog!

  17. 769926 116975I dont normally have a look at these types of internet sites (Im a pretty modest person) – but even though I was a bit shocked as I was reading, I was certainly a bit excited as nicely. Thanks for producing my day 918580

  18. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  19. The very crux of your writing whilst appearing reasonable originally, did not work very well with me personally after some time. Somewhere within the paragraphs you actually were able to make me a believer unfortunately only for a while. I still have got a problem with your leaps in logic and one would do nicely to help fill in all those gaps. In the event you actually can accomplish that, I would definitely be impressed.

  20. I do consider all the ideas you have introduced on your post. They are very convincing and can definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for beginners. Could you please prolong them a little from next time? Thank you for the post.

  21. When I initially commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get three e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Bless you!

  22. We absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for. Do you offer guest writers to write content for you? I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write related to here. Again, awesome web log!

  23. Hi there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  24. You really make it appear so easy together with your presentation but I to find this topic to be really something that I believe I would by no means understand. It kind of feels too complicated and extremely broad for me. I am looking ahead to your next publish, I will attempt to get the cling of it!

  25. There are actually numerous particulars like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to carry up. I provide the thoughts above as normal inspiration however clearly there are questions like the one you convey up where a very powerful factor can be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged round things like that, but I’m sure that your job is clearly recognized as a good game. Both boys and girls really feel the impact of only a moment’s pleasure, for the remainder of their lives.

  26. Your style is so unique compared to many other people. Thank you for publishing when you have the opportunity,Guess I will just make this bookmarked.2

  27. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

  28. Have you ever thought about writing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites? I have a blog based on the same information you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would enjoy your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

  29. It¦s really a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  30. Hey there! This post could not be written any better!

    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him.

    Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  31. relatively upstairs viagra usa pharmacies online tight buddy viagra for sale on craigslist
    naturally working viagra for sale close charge [url=http://viacheapusa.com/#]viagra usa pharmacies online[/url] such thanks viagra
    usa pharmacies online slowly world

  32. near importance online viagra seriously warning online viagra constantly power buy generic cheap viagra online direct revolution [url=http://viatribuy.com/#]viagra online[/url] easily fact
    buy generic cheap viagra online through deposit http://viatribuy.com/

  33. What you said was very reasonable. However, think on this,
    what if you were to create a killer title? I ain’t saying
    your content isn’t solid, but what if you added a post title that
    grabbed a person’s attention? I mean Democracia – publiensayos is kinda
    boring. You should peek at Yahoo’s front page and see how they
    create post titles to get people to open the links. You might try adding a video or a related picture or two to
    grab readers excited about what you’ve written.
    Just my opinion, it might make your website a little bit more interesting.

  34. I don’t even understand how I stopped up here, but I assumed this post was once great. I don’t understand who you might be but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger in the event you are not already 😉 Cheers!

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.