Diseño de la cadena de suministro

UNIDAD I PLANIFICACIÓN Y CONTROL DE LA CAPACIDAD

Capacidad: cantidad de producto o servicio que se puede obtener de un centro de trabajo durante un periodo especifico. Tasa de producción máximade una instalación, por sus instalaciones, equipo y la fuerza total de trabajo.

Capacidad máxima: también se conoce como capacidad pico, es la cantidad de producto que solo se puede mantener enun periodo corto de tiempo.

Nivel óptimo o capacidad disponible: La cantidad de producto o servicio que una empresa es capaz de sostener económicamente en condiciones normales.

Colchón decapacidad: El tiempo disponible para mantenimiento o pedidos emergentes.

Brecha de capacidad: Cualquier diferencia positiva o negativa entre la demanda proyectada y la capacidad actual.

Planeaciónestratégica de la capacidad: permite establecer las necesidades de recursos, para apoyar la estrategia competitiva a largo plazo. (Tres a cinco años).

Objetivo de la planeación y control de lacapacidad: contraer o expandir la producción en términos de la variación de la demanda.

Economías a escala: al aumentar el volumen de producción, se reduce el costo promedio unitario.

Deseconomías aescala: Al incrementarse el volumen de producción, aumenta el costo promedio unitario.

Flexibilidad de la capacidad Habilidad para incrementar o reducir rápidamente los niveles de producción; através de plantas, procesos y trabajadores flexibles.

En base a que se establece la capacidad actual: Capacidad diseñada, utilización y a la eficiencia.

La capacidad disponible se determinacon:
? Pronósticos de la demanda
? Productividad
? Competencia
? Cambios tecnológicos

Tiempo de suministro: es el tiempo que transcurre desde el pedido hasta la llegada de éstosal puesto de trabajo.

UNIDAD II PLANEACIÓN AGREGADA DE LA PRODUCCIÓN

Planeación agregada de las operaciones: Convertir los planes anuales y trimestrales de las actividades en planes de…

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