El lenguaje como medio de comunicación

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El lenguaje como medio de comunicación.

El lenguaje es la base de la comunicación, emplea signos que nos dan significados y forman estructuras como lo son los párrafos, palabras, textos, oraciones y todas las estructuras que conocemos y que forman parte de nuestro sistema de comunicación. Dentro de lo que conocemos como el lenguaje existen variaciones en sus componentes y sus formasdesde que iniciamos nuestra vida, la primer forma de comunicación que tenemos es el pre lenguaje que es el sistema utilizado por los bebes, cada lenguaje está formado o enlazado por aspectos como lo es la lengua o idioma que es una constante entre los miembros de una grupo de personas. En nuestra sociedad tenemos distintos tipos de lenguajes como lo son el lenguaje químico (utilizan el sentidodel olfato y del gusto) el lenguaje acústico que se manifiesta por medio de ondas sonoras, el lenguaje visual y el lenguaje táctil entre otros. El signo lingüístico es un elemento que representa a otro y lo compone el significado y el significante que juntos producen la significación, es la parte más importante en la comunicación humana porque juntando signos de la misma naturaleza formamoscódigos, que son la herramienta para entender la música, las señales los escritos y todo nuestro entorno, a partir de esto es que definimos que los signos lingüísticos forman a los códigos que a su vez son parte de una lengua que ayuda a comunicarnos. Hay algunas herramientas especializadas en dar a conocer el significado de las palabras dentro de un código como son los diccionarios los cuales estánordenados alfabéticamente y proporciona significados, etimología y ortografía de la palabra, aunque estas tienen un significado especifico no siempre tienen la misma función, las funciones del lenguaje van de la mano con los objetivos o necesidades de comunicación que tenemos en algún momento dado como puede ser la función apelativa o conativa (ordenes y preguntas “! ¡” “¿ ?” utilizadadominantemente en la publicidad y propaganda política e ideológica) función emotiva o expresiva (énfasis en la entonación, utilizada con frecuencia en periodismo de opinión) función poética (se centra en la literatura y el arte) función metalingüística (su utiliza para explicar y/o entender a la misma lengua) función fática (comprueba si el canal de comunicación es el correcto) función referencial (textosinformativos, científicos y periodísticos) todos estos lenguajes siempre necesitan el apoyo de gestos y entonaciones dependiendo el objetivo de comunicación que tengamos, los gestos son una forma de comunicación no verbal pero es uno de los mejores apoyos en la comunicación verbal puesto que con la simple expresión podemos interpretar la intención del comunicador, así como la seriedad de lo que dicey en ocasiones podemos ver si lo que dice es verdad, dependiendo en el código en el que nos estemos desenvolviendo también hay una gran variedad de significados en los gestos, como reverencias, insultos o cumplidos, también es de mucha ayuda la entonación de lo que decimos ya que le da la fuerza o suavidad necesaria a lo que expresamos, ayuda a saber el lugar de procedencia de las personas, suestado de ánimo y en ocasiones podemos saber hasta niveles socioeconómicos.

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Motivos de la comunicación humana

La comunicación es un fenómeno inevitable dentro de nuestra sociedad y todo el entorno es víctima de ella, desde el mas simple gesto hasta el mas complicado discurso dado por un catedrático, en un foro lleno de expertos en el tema, nadie esta exento del fenómeno de lacomunicación, por que es un proceso básico de interrelación entre dos personas o una persona y un medio en donde el emisor por medio de un código es capaz de despertar un acción o una reacción en el receptor, que este a su ves lo puede transmitir a otra persona y hacer un gran circulo de comunicación, por lo tanto es básico tener una buen código como medio de enlace entre emisor y receptor y no romper…

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