El proceso penal mexicano

EL PROCESO PENAL
INDICE
• DENUNCIA
• QUERELLA
• INVESTIGACION PREVIA
• PRUEBAS
• FORMAL PRISION
• PLAZOS
• SENTENCIA
• OPINION PERSONAL
• CONCLUSION
• BIBLIOGRAFIA

EL PROCESO PENAL
DENUNCIA Y QUERELLA
Denuncia: Procesalmente se entiende como denuncia al medio legal por el cual se pone en consentimiento de los jueces la noticia de haberse cometido o que se pretendecometer un delito y que por ley se persiga ese oficio. La denuncia es un acto de carácter político y de este consiste en obligar al ministerio público para tramitar y empezar la averiguación previa del caso específico.
Las partes más importantes de la denuncia son:
-Especificar las partes involucradas en el conflicto así como la relación que tienen se deben poner los datos de las partes y haciaquien va dirigida la demanda.
-Luego se debe de especificar la forma en la cual se dieron los hechos o los llamados antecedentes.
-Momentos después se deben recopilar los acontecimientos a través de un apartado llamado hechos donde se dan de forma detallada así como la exposición de estos ante el juez.
-Luego se adjuntan anexos donde se pone en manifiestos las bases para la denuncia.
Querella:Querella es otro de los medios legales para poner a conocimiento de la autoridad correspondiente de que se halla cometido o se pretenda cometer un delito, pero tiene la particularidad de que solo puede recurrir a ella la persona ofendida o su legítimo representante. Siempre que se trate de delitos que por disposición de la ley. Se requiere de la noticia del suceso y de la demanda con la que seproceda.

AVERIGUACION PREVIA
Para que la Investigacion previa se debe realizar una estricta examinacion de las disposiciones legales que lo rijan por que en la practica algunas veces los encargados de la investigacion, por ignorancia, negligencia o por deshonestidad dejan de practicar investigaciones necesarias para el esclarecimiento de la verdad que se busca para encontrar la sentenciaadecuada con cierto tipo de delito. La averiguacion previa en la que solo tiene lugar el ministerio publico en su calidad de autoridad inicia a partir del momento en que a este se le informa de la querella o denuncia para dar como resultado una acion penal y llegar a un fin de la justicia.
PRUEBAS
La prueba es la forma eficaz de comprobar cualquier crimen o acto. Es el demostrar la verdad de unaproposicion y en la tecnica procesal se emplea a veces para designar los distintos medios o elementos de juicio ofrecidos por las partes, otras veces se refiere la accion de probar, designa tambien en un punto clave para cualquier veredicto que el juez dicte. Las pruebas estan ampliamente ligadas al proceso puesto que ellas pueden ser un punto desisivo para encontrar a algun criminal.
AUTO DEFORMAL PRISIÓN
Auto de formal prision es aquella en la que se llega al punto en el que un juez competente determina definitivamente que alguna persona que de limitada en los confines de una carcel por un tiempo definido para su estancia por consecuencia de un delito. Para que este se lleve a cabo se tiene que tener requisitos como son: Lugar y fecha que se dicta, que prevencion se tomo ante elinculpado, su declaracion preparatoria de la audiencia publica y dentro del termino, que se informe al ministerio publico, que se requiera al inculpado y todos los tramites jurisdiccionales. Tambien se deben de tener la comprobacion del cuerpo del delito asi como la probable responsabilidad del inculpado tambien la falta con la que se culpo la responsabilidad del acusado.
PLAZOS
Hay un cierto plazopara indicar alguna apelacion, esta debe de ser promovida dentro de los dos dias en la materia comun y dentro de tres dias en la federal, contados en los dos casos desde la notificacion del auto que declare irrevocable la apelacion , o desde que el interesado tenga conocimiento de el, si no se le notifico y puede introducirse en forma verbal o escrita.
SENTENCIA
La sentencia es el beredicto o…

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