El reciclaje

El reciclaje.
Que es y su importancia.
El reciclaje es un proceso mediante el cual, un material que ya cumplió su funcionalidad es convertido, en otro objeto el cual va a funcionar como lo hizo el anterior. También es conocido como la manera de obtener materia prima de un desecho. Es importante el reciclar, debido a que por medio de este proceso, logramos proteger la vida, y los recursos denuestro planeta.

Cadena de reciclaje.
Que es y en que consiste.
La cadena de reciclado empieza cuando los consumidores separan los envases de los productos del resto de la basura y los depositan en los distintos contenedores. Existen cuatro tipos de contenedores de reciclaje, con diferentes colores:
• Contenedor amarillo: en este se deben depositar todo tipo de envases ligeros como los envasesde plásticos, de latas.
• Contenedor azul: En este contenedor se deben depositar los envases de cartón (cajas, bandejas, etc.), así como los periódicos, revistas, papeles de envolver, propaganda, etc. Es aconsejable plegar las cajas de manera que ocupen el mínimo espacio dentro del contenedor.
• Contenedor verde claro: En este contenedor se deposita vidrio.
• Contenedor verde oscuro: En else depositan el resto de residuos que no tienen cabida en los grupos anteriores, fundamentalmente materia biodegradable.
Las tres “R”.
El reciclaje se inscribe en la estrategia de tratamiento de residuos de las Tres Erres.
• Reducir, acciones para reducir la producción de objetos susceptibles de convertirse en residuos.
• Reutilizar, acciones que permiten el volver a emplear un producto paradarle una segunda vida, con el mismo uso u otro diferente.
• Reciclar, el conjunto de operaciones de recogida y tratamiento de residuos que permiten reintroducirlos en un ciclo de vida.
Consecuencias del reciclaje.
El reciclaje tiene dos consecuencias ecológicas principales:
• Reducción del volumen de residuos, y por lo tanto de la contaminación que causarían (algunas materias tardan decenasde años e incluso siglos en degradarse).
• Preservación de los recursos naturales, pues la materia reciclada se utiliza en el suelo.

Materiales reciclables.
• Reciclaje de papel y cartón:
El papel es una estructura obtenida en base a fibras vegetales de celulosa, las cuales se entrecruzan formando una hoja resistente y flexible. El gramaje del papel, es decir el peso en gr/m2, determinasi se trata de papel o cartón.
El tiempo que demora el papel en biodegradarse es entre 3 semanas a 2 meses, aproximadamente.
La demanda por el uso del papel ha ido aumentando de manera significativa, cumpliendo un rol fundamental en la vida diaria. Esta gran demanda, sumada al alto costo de producción ha obligado a las empresas papeleras a buscar diversas formas para reutilizar el papel dedesecho y cartón como pasta de papel.
El reciclaje, permite un ahorro considerable de energía y materia prima, como la madera y los bosques. El reciclaje no implica el no forestar, significa no talar demás, ya que contribuye a darle más tiempo a los árboles para que crezcan.
La mayoría del papel es reciclable pero existen excepciones como: el papel vegetal (papel cebolla); papel sanitario usado (papelhigiénico, papel toalla, servilletas y pañuelos); papel y cartón recubiertos con sustancias impermeables a la humedad (parafina, láminas plásticas o metálicas, silicona, etc.); papel sucio, engrasado o contaminado con productos químicos.
Debemos reciclar papel para:
• Salvar los Bosques: Una tonelada de papel reciclado salva la vida de 5 árboles adultos.
• Ahorrar Energía: Requiere un 60%menos de energía fabricar papel a partir de pulpa reciclada que de celulosa virgen.
• Ahorrar Agua: Una tonelada de papel reciclado ahorra más de 30.000 litros de agua.
• Reducir la Sobrecarga de Basura: Cada tonelada de papel nuevo ocupa casi 2 metros cúbicos de relleno sanitario. Los basurales crecen a un ritmo considerablemente menor desde que se recicla el papel.
• Para Ahorrar Dinero: El…

65 thoughts on “El reciclaje

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