pennines uk wikipedia

Ardale Limestone Kiln - geograph.org.uk - 280192.jpg 640 × 427; 112 KB The mountains are not very tall and are often called hills. Limestone areas of the Pennines in the White Peak,[59] Yorkshire Dales[60] and Upper Teesdale[61] have been designated as nature reserves or Important Plant Areas by the botanical conservation charity Plantlife,[62] and are nationally important for their wildflowers. The extent of the region in which Cumbric was spoken is also unknown. Terrain is lower towards the south, principal peaks in the South Pennines and Peak District include Kinder Scout 2,087 ft (636 m), Bleaklow 2,077 ft (633 m), Black Chew Head 1,778 ft (542 m), Rombalds Moor 1,319 ft (402 m) and Winter Hill 1,496 ft (456 m). During Anglo-Saxon times the area was settled by Anglian peoples of Mercia and Northumbria, rather than the Saxon people of Southern England. Large areas of heather moorland in the Pennines are managed for driven shooting of wild red grouse. The Pennines are a mountain range in England.Often said to be the "backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands, through the Yorkshire Dales, parts of Greater Manchester, the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border.Their total length is about 250 mi (402 km). Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. [6] The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] in Cumbria are sometimes considered to be Pennine spurs to the west of the range. Category:Pennines. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. The North Pennines AONB just north of the Yorkshire Dales rivals the national park in size and includes some of the Pennines' highest peaks and its most isolated and sparsely populated areas. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". South of the Aire Gap is a western spur into east Lancashire, comprising the Rossendale Fells, West Pennine Moors[5] and the Bowland Fells in North Lancashire. Look it up now! The Pennines (/ˈpɛnaɪnz/), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills,[1] is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England. In 2004, George Redmonds reassessed this, finding that numerous respected writers passed over the origin of the mountains' name in silence even in works dedicated to the topological etymology of Derbyshire and Lancashire. In some areas precipitation has contributed to poor soils, resulting in part in moorland landscapes that characterize much of the range. [38] The cities of Bradford, Derby, Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, Stoke-on-Trent and Wakefield are also in the surrounding foothills and lowlands. The first trees to settle were willow, birch and juniper, followed later by alder and pine. The name Pennines is believed to come from the Celtic pennioroches, meaning "hill", although the earliest written reference to the name dates only from the 18th century. [13], Following an 1853 article by Arthur Hussey,[15] it has become a common belief that the name derives from a passage in The Description of Britain (Latin: De Situ Britanniæ),[17] an infamous historical forgery concocted by Charles Bertram in the 1740s and accepted as genuine until the 1840s. [29] Bowland is dominated by a central upland landform of deeply incised gritstone fells covered with tracts of heather-covered peat moorland, blanket bog and steep-sided wooded valleys linking the upland and lowland landscapes. Covid-19, også skrevet COVID-19, (akronym for det engelske coronavirus disease 2019) er en viral luftveisinfeksjon forårsaket av sars-CoV-2, en type koronavirus i familie med sars. Cuir leis, chun cuidiú leis an Vicipéid. The Pennine climate is generally temperate like that of the rest of England, but the hills have more precipitation, stronger winds and colder weather than the surrounding areas. The hills are a series of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Tees, Aire and Ribble. Based in Bury, Lancashire, Pennine is one of the UK’s leading independent business communication specialists with an impressive trading pedigree stretching back over 40 years. In the south the Peak District is essentially a flat-topped dome. Földrajzi nevei. Penninene er en fjellkjede i England som skiller Nordvest-England fra Yorkshire og Nordøst-England.Den kalles ofte «Englands ryggrad», ettersom den utgjør en mer eller mindre ubrutt kjede fra Peak District i Midlands gjennom Yorkshire Dales, West Pennine Moors og Cumbrian Fells til Cheviot Hills ved den skotske grensen. Denne siden ble sist redigert 9. des. Wikipedia . Bertram was responsible (at most) with popularizing the name against other contenders such as Daniel Defoe's "English Andes". During the Dark Ages the Pennines were controlled by Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. Dudley Stamp, L (1946): «Britain's Structure and Scenery» i: Redmonds, George (15. mars 2007): «A Major Place-Name Ignored» i: https://no.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Penninene&oldid=18059599, Artikler med offisielle lenker fra Wikidata, Artikler med autoritetsdatalenker fra Wikidata, Creative Commons-lisensen Navngivelse-Del på samme vilkår. Pennines definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The rivers Eden, Ribble, Dane and tributaries of the Mersey (including the Irwell, Tame and Goyt) flow westwards towards the Irish Sea. Those mountains (the area around the St. Bernard Pass) derive their name from the Latin Alpes Pœninæ whose name has been variously derived from the Carthaginians,[19] a local god,[20] and Celtic peninus. Today rail services along the Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by TransPennine Express and Northern. In the Peak District, tourism is the major local employment for park residents (24%), with manufacturing industries (19%) and quarrying (12%) also being important while 12% are employed in agriculture. In the Dales the caves or potholes are known as "pots" in the Yorkshire dialect. The etymology of the Apennines themselves—whose name first referred to their northern extremity and then later spread southward—is also disputed but is usually taken to derive from some form of Celtic pen or ben ("mountain, head"). They evolved an early form of kingdom. Bruken av .uk i stedet for .gb som toppnivådomene skyldes .uk’s forutgående bruk i det nå foreldete JANET Name Registration Scheme hvor rekkefølgen på adressekomponentene var reversert..uk ble gjort tilgjengelig i DNS for å forenkle oversettelsen til og fra disse adressene. Pennines formira sjevernu i južnu vododjelnicu koje određuju tok svih većih rijeka sjeverne Engleske. Deer are found throughout the Pennines and some species of animals that are rare elsewhere in England can be found here. The Trent and Ouse meet and enter the Humber at Trent Falls. The Pennines have been carved from a series of geological structures whose overall form is a broad anticline whose axis extends in a north–south direction. Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. Not to be confused with Category:Pennine Alps . The flora found there can be found in other areas of moorland in Northern Europe and some species are also found in areas of tundra. [46] The main economic activities in the North Pennines include tourism, farming, timber and small-scale quarrying, due to the rural landscape. The Pennines are the longest mountain range in the UK and largest mountain range that is in England. Coordinates. Subcategories. The highest is … The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. The Trent drains the east and west sides of the southern Pennines, also reaching the North Sea through the Humber Estuary. During Norse times the Pennines were settled by Viking Danes in the east and Norwegian Vikings in the west. The Aire Gap links Lancashire and Yorkshire via the valleys of the Aire and Ribble. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. [citation needed] In the Peak District, a notable custom is well dressing, which has its origin in pagan traditions that became Christianised. The North Pennines are coincident with the Alston Block and the Yorkshire Dales are coincident with the Askrigg Block. [10] Parts of the Pennines are incorporated into the Peak District National Park and Yorkshire Dales National Park. [22][23][24][25], Various towns and geographical features have names of Celtic origin, including Penrith, Pen-y-ghent, the River Eden, and Cumbria. The line has survived, despite difficult times[51] The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley and Forest of Bowland are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total. On the eastern side of the Pennines, the rivers Tyne, Wear, and Tees all drain directly to the North Sea. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. It is believed that the north Pennines were under the control of the kingdom of Rheged. This province is divided into two equal parts by a chain of mountains called the Pennine Alps, which rising on the confines of the, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDeecke1904 (, Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway, "Writer inspired by beauty of Pennines celebrates its views", "A Renewed Examination of 'Richard of Cirencester, "Yorkshire Dales expand into Lancashire in national parks land grab", "The Landscape of The Forest of Bowland Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)", "The Humber Catchment and its Coastal Area", "Great Dun Fell 2 Climatic Averages 1981–2010", "Peak District National Park: Study Area", "£1.2m fund available to South Pennines farm businesses", "Standedge Tunnel & Visitor Centre: Opening times and prices", "Timetables – The Settle Carlisle Railway", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pennines&oldid=998426432, Mountains and hills of Greater Manchester, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with dead external links from October 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 09:32. Between the northern and southern areas of exposed limestone between Skipton and the Dark Peak is a belt of exposed gritstone. The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. Considerable areas of the Pennines are protected as UK national parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs). [55], Flora in the higher Pennines is adapted to moorland and subarctic landscapes and climates. Three trans-Pennine canals built during the Industrial Revolution cross the range: The first of three Woodhead Tunnels was completed by the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway in 1845, engineered by Charles Vignoles and Joseph Locke. fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi. The mix of Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking heritage resembled much of the rest of northern England and its culture developed alongside its lowland neighbours in northwest and northeast England. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. The Pennine region is sparsely populated by English standards. [13] He found that the derivation from Bertram was widely believed and considered uncomfortable. [48], The Pennines are traversed by the M62 motorway, the highest motorway in England at 1,221 feet (372 m) on Windy Hill near Junction 23.[48]. For the purpose of growing plants, the Pennines are in hardiness zones 7 and 8, as defined by the USDA. English Wikipedia has an article on: Pennines. They include some of the largest caves in England at Gaping Gill, more than 350 ft (107 m) deep and Rowten Pot, 365 ft (111 m) deep. The fusion of Norse and Old English was important in the formation of Middle English and hence Modern English, and many individual words of Norse descent remain in use in local dialects, such as that of Yorkshire, and in local place names. The Vikings influenced place names, culture and genetics. Dywedir yn aml eu bod yn ffurfio "asgwrn cefn Lloegr", gan ffurfio cadwyn ddidor o fryniau sy'n ymestyn o Ardal y Copaon yn Swydd Derby, trwy'r Dyffrynnoedd Swydd Efrog, rhannau o Fanceinion Fwyaf, Rhosdiroedd Gorllewin Pennine yn Swydd Gaerhirfryn a bryniau Cumbria i Fryniau Cheviot ar y ffin rhwng Lloegr a'r Alban. Most of the Pennine landscape is characterised by upland areas of high moorland indented by more fertile river valleys, although the landscape varies in different areas. The highest point is Cross Fell in eastern Cumbria, at 2,930 feet (893 m) and other principal peaks in the North Pennines are Great Dun Fell 2,782 ft (848 m), Mickle Fell 2,585 ft (788 m), and Burnhope Seat 2,451 ft (747 m). The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. The River Trent flows around the southern end of the Pennines and northwards on the eastern side taking water from tributaries, principally the Dove and Derwent. 16:38. Cadwyn o fryniau yng ngogledd Lloegr yw'r Pennines neu'r Penwynion. Nord-England og tilstøtende områder, som viser den generelle omfanget av Pennines. Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are afforded much the same protection as national parks. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. Related to Pennines… The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the head streams of the river valleys. ... Wikipedia. The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Ch… In the North Pennines are: 40% of the UK's upland hay meadows; 30% of England's upland heathland and 27% of its blanket bog; 80% of England's black grouse (and also breeding short-eared owl, ring ouzel, common snipe and common redshank); 36% of the AONB designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest; red squirrels, otters and rare arctic alpine plants; 22,000 pairs of breeding waders and one of England's biggest waterfalls – High Force. Each of the structures consists of Carboniferous limestone overlain with Millstone Grit. In other areas where the soil has not been degraded, it has resulted in lush vegetation. Pennines. Our Geology. The Peak District consists of hills, plateaus and valleys, divided into the Dark Peak with moorlands and gritstone edges, and the White Peak with limestone gorges. Here tree suppression combined with the heavier rainfall results in blanket bog up to 7 ft (2 m) thick. When England was unified the Pennines were incorporated. and is operated by Northern Rail.[52]. The erosion of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees. Little evidence of Cumbric remains, so it is difficult to ascertain whether or not it was distinct from Old Welsh. Principal peaks in the Forest of Bowland include Ward's Stone 1,841 ft (561 m), Fair Snape Fell 1,710 ft (521 m), and Hawthornthwaite Fell 1,572 ft (479 m). Keighley (/ ˈ k iː θ l i / KEETH-lee) is a former mill and market town as well as a civil parish in the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, 11 miles (18 km) north-west of Bradford, 11 miles (18 km) south of Ilkley, 13 miles (21 km), north of Halifax, 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Skipton, and 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Leeds at the confluence of the rivers Aire and Worth. Fauna in the Pennines is similar to the rest of England and Wales, but the area hosts some specialised species. The Trans Pennine Trail, a long-distance route for cyclists, horse riders and walkers, runs west–east alongside rivers and canals, along disused railway tracks and through historic towns and cities from Southport to Hornsea (207 miles/333 km). Water has carved out gorges, caves and limestone landscapes in the Yorkshire Dales and Peak District. Other AONBs are Nidderdale east of the Yorkshire Dales, and the Bowland Fells, including Pendle Hill, west of the Yorkshire Dales. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. To colonize and pine and birch predominated southern England obstacle for Anglo-Saxon expansion westwards, although appears! North west of England find vast fir trees, perfectly sound, and Tees all drain to! Daniel Defoe 's `` English Andes '' the Tees, Aire and Ribble Age Scandinavian settlers their... 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