washington, dc wiki

It is the primary setting of both halves of Target01: Sunset, and also features briefly at the beginning of Target05: Smile. Also, several cable television networks have their headquarters in the Washington area, including: America's Most Wanted is the only network primetime program produced in Washington. An FBI and DOJ investigation determined the likely culprit of the anthrax attacks to be Bruce Edwards Ivins, a scientist, but he committed suicide in July 2008 before formal charges were filed.[105]. [3] At the time, the Patawomeck (loosely affiliated with the Powhatan) and the Doeg lived on the Virginia side, as well as on Theodore Roosevelt Island, while the Piscataway (also known as Conoy) tribe of Algonquians resided on the Maryland side. Da es das erste große Gebäude nach dem Weißen Haus war, das in der Planhauptstadt Washington gebaut wurde, entstand der Rest der Stadt um es herum. [103] However, Fenty lost a Democratic Party primary to former Council Chair Vincent Gray in August 2010. Unique among cities with a high percentage of African Americans, Washington has had a significant black population since the city's creation. There was increasing talk of, There was an active abolition movement in Virginia, and the pro-slavery forces held a slim majority in the, Alexandria's economy had stagnated as competition with the port of. Reportedly haunted locations in Washington, D.C. "Nacotchtank: Encounters With The English", "A Sketch of the Natural History of the District of Columbia Together with an Indexed Edition of the U.S. Geological Survey's 1917 Map of Washington and Vicinity", "The Earliest Proprietors of Capitol Hill", "Centennial History of the City of Washington, D. C.: With Full Outline of the Natural Advantages, Accounts of the Indian Tribes, Selection of the Site, Founding of the City ... to the Present Time", Wikisource: Constitution of the United States of America, "The national Capitol: its architecture, art and history", United States Statutes at Large: Volume 1: 1st Congress: 3rd Session; Chapter 17> XVII.—An Act to amend “An act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the government of the United States", "An ACT to amend "An act for establishing the TEMPORARY and PERMANENT SEAT of the GOVERNMENT of the United States", "Benjamin Banneker and the Survey of the District of Columbia, 1791", "Plan of the city intended for the permanent seat of the government of t(he) United States: projected agreeable to the direction of the President of the United States, in pursuance of an act of Congress passed the sixteenth day of July, MDCCXC, "establishing the permanent seat on the bank of the Potowmac": [Washington, D.C.]", "Letter to The President of the United States", "High resolution image of central portion of, "Sketch of Washington in embryo, viz: Previous to its survey by Major L'Enfant: Compiled from the rare historical researches of Dr. Joseph M. Toner ... combined with the skill of S.R. [33] A narrower avenue (Pennsylvania Avenue) connected the "Congress house" (the Capitol) with the "President's house" (the White House). info))) é a capital e o distrito federal dos Estados Unidos. [76] With a consolidated government and the transformation of suburban areas within the District into urban neighborhoods, the entire city eventually took on the name Washington, D.C.[74], In the early 1880s, the Washington City Canal was covered over. [54], Construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (C&O) began in Georgetown in 1828. The policy held for decades. List of rallies and protest marches in Washington, D.C. [35][41] The survey map may be one that L'Enfant appended to his August 19 letter to the President. The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968 sparked major riots in chiefly African American neighborhoods east of Rock Creek Park. The Washington area was a main target of the September 11, 2001 attacks. In 1901, the Senate Park Improvement Commission of the District of Columbia (the "McMillan Commission"), which Congress had formed the previous year, formulated the McMillan Plan, an architectural plan for the redevelopment of the National Mall. [38][39][40] On August 19, he appended a new map to a letter that he sent to the President. In 2003 and 2004, a serial arsonist set over 40 fires, mainly in the District and the close-in Maryland suburbs, with one fire killing an elderly woman. The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the meeting place of the United States Congress and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.It is located on Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C. [25], The survey team enclosed within a square an area containing the full 100 square miles (260 km2) that the Residence Act had authorized. The Plan proposed a redesign of the National Mall and the construction of the future Burnham-designed Union Station. [30] The east cornerstone is east of the intersection of Southern Avenue and Eastern Avenue. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket. The bordering states were Maryland and Virginia. President James Madison and the remainder of the U.S. government fled the capital shortly before the British arrived. Washington, DC konumu itibarı ile kendi başına çok dar bir alanı kapladığı için, şehir merkezinde çalışanların büyük çoğunluğu sırasıyla Virginia, Maryland ve Batı Virginia eyaletlerinde yaşar. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket. Amatsayin ta na fadar Gwamnatin … [43][44][45][47] Ellicott's revisions, which included the straightening of the longer avenues and the removal of Square No. Washington az Amerikai Egyesült Államok fővárosa. It is the capital of the United States, and was named after George Washington, not to be confused with the state of Washington, which also appeared on the show. 15 from L'Enfant's original plan, created minor changes to the city's layout. In 1973, Congress passed the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, ceding some of its power over the city to a new, directly elected city council and mayor. Council member Adrian Fenty defeated Council Chairwoman Linda Cropp in that year's Democratic primary race to succeed Williams as mayor and started his term in 2007. These are often at the National Mall, a large open park which has many monuments and museums. World War I interrupted the execution of the Plan, but construction of the Lincoln Memorial in 1922 largely completed it. Also on the mall are the National World War II Memorial at the east end of the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool, the Korean War Veterans Memorial, and the Vietnam V… [100] Mayor Anthony Williams won election in 1998. The British then entered and burned the capital during the most notably destructive raid of the war. [99], Barry was elected again in 1994 and by the next year the city had become nearly insolvent. Unlike most cities in the United States, D.C. has many roundabouts or traffic circles. Washington je poznat po visokoj stopi kriminala, a neko vrijeme je i nosio neslavnu titulu "Murder capital of America". This version, printed in March 1792, was the first Washington city plan that received wide circulation. Washington, D.C. (also known as simply Washington or D.C., and officially as the District of Columbia) is the capital of the United States. The District of Columbia used to have other small towns which used "D.C.". [36][39], President Washington retained one of L'Enfant's plans, showed it to Congress, and later gave it to the three Commissioners. [22][23], On March 30, 1791, Washington issued a presidential proclamation that established "Jones's point, the upper cape of Hunting Creek in Virginia" as the starting point for the federal district's boundary survey. Nevét az ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta. North–south and east–west streets formed the grid. Washington, D.C. is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them. At first, it was made up of a piece from Virginia south of the Potomac River and a piece from Maryland north of the Potomac River. During the War of 1812, British forces conducted an expedition between August 19 and 29, 1814, that took and burned the capital city. [61]:92 Further railroad development continued after the Civil War, with a new B&O line (the Metropolitan Branch) connecting Washington to the west, and the introduction of competition from the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad in the 1870s. List of capitals in the United States § National capitals, Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, Article One, Section 8, of the United States Constitution, Boundary markers of the original District of Columbia, Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia, City of Washington from Beyond the Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., in the American Civil War, Lockkeeper's House, C & O Canal Extension. The significant expansion of the federal government to administer the war—and its legacies, such as veterans' pensions—led to notable growth in the city's population – from 75,000 in 1860 to 132,000 in 1870. I 1801 ble det føderale området offisielt organisert under navnet District of Columbia (DC). Georgetown is a neighborhood in Washington, D.C., along the Potomac River. [68] The act provided for a governor appointed by the President, a legislative assembly with an upper-house composed of eleven appointed council members and a 22-member house of delegates elected by residents of the District, as well as an appointed Board of Public Works charged with modernizing the city. [53] However, Congress lacked loyalty to the city's residents and was reluctant to provide support. [98] In 1991, Sharon Pratt Kelly became the first black woman to lead a major U.S. During his first administration (which started in 1913), President Woodrow Wilson introduced segregation into several federal departments, for the first time since 1863. This battle was only the second time that a U.S. President came under enemy fire during wartime when Lincoln visited the fort to observe the fighting. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority had been created in 1973 through a merger of several local bus companies. The toxin ricin was found in the mailroom of the White House in November 2003 and in the mailroom of U.S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist in February 2004. On June 22, L'Enfant presented his first plan for the federal city to President. Borchardt, Gregory M. "Making DC Democracy's Capital: Local Activism, the'Federal State', and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, DC." [106][107][108] The attack, which took place in the Navy Yard's Building 197, began around 8:20 a.m. EDT and ended when Alexis was killed by police around 9:20 a.m. EDT. Thompson sold his Capitol Hill properties in 1670, including Duddington Manor, to Thomas Notley; The Duddington property was handed down over the generations to Daniel Carroll, of Duddington. One notable exception was the Battle of Fort Stevens in July 1864 in which Union soldiers repelled troops under the command of Confederate General Jubal A. [87] The NAACP protested to President Wilson. When the city's Board of Education began building the John Phillip Sousa Junior High, a group of parents from the Anacostia neighborhood petitioned to have the school admit black and white students. Washington DC is the capital city of United States of America. Washington DC Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of 10 historic sites in Washington DC, District of Columbia on Tripadvisor. Washington, DC có truyền thống ủng hộ Đảng Dân chủ. The capital city of the United States, formally known as the District of Columbia. Washington DC (o Washington, D.C. chi vole dì District of Columbia, "Distrettu di Columbia") hè a capitale di i Stati Uniti. The day-long event will feature a behind the scenes tour followed by talks with records management and conservation experts explaining how the records get into the archives. South of the Capitol, a road named Canal Street connects Independence Avenue, SW, and E Street, SE (although the northernmost section of the street was renamed Washington Avenue to commemorate the state of Washington). This river was known for the healing properties of its pure water and it is recorded that the Emperor Powhatan, who lived in what is now Richmond, Virginia, made the trip all the way to Nakochtank once for this reason. Upon the government's return to the capital, it had to manage reconstruction of numerous public buildings, including the White House and the United States Capitol. However, the governor spent three times the money that had been budgeted for capital improvements and ultimately bankrupted the city. Washington, D.C. tôn trọng tất cả các ngày lễ liên bang. [85], One advantage of federal rule over the District of Columbia was that the public school teachers were considered federal workers. The National Symphony Orchestra, the Washington National Opera, and the Washington Ballet are all inside the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Washington was named after the first U.S. President George Washington. Our mission is to promote participation on Wikimedia projects in the Washington, DC area and throughout the United States. [5]Staden/distriktet har omkring 600 000 invånare [6] och täcker en yta av 178 kvadratkilometer [7] längs Potomacflodens vänstra strand. In 2005, the United States Census Bureau showed that 582,049 people resided within the District of Columbia. Elegant new office buildings rose amidst the 19th century theaters, shops, saloons, and newspaper offices. Georgetown stayed a separate city until 1871, when the United States Congress took away its charter. U.S. troops dispersed the last of the "Bonus Army" the next day. It was the second-deadliest mass murder on a U.S. military base, behind only the Fort Hood shooting in November 2009. Public, educational, and government access (PEG) on cable television is provided by the Public Access Corporation of the District of Columbia on two channels simulcast to both local cable television systems. Zeddmore Washington is a martial artist, Rocker and a member of the League of Shadows who appears in the episode League Of Shadows. A DC-MD-VA regional news station, TBD TV, is carried on Channel 8 on all cable systems in Washington, D.C. and surrounding communities. Ellicott's report described the marker stones and contained a map that showed the boundaries and topographical features of the Territory of Columbia, The map identified the locations within the Territory of the planned City of Washington and its major streets, as well as the location of each boundary marker stone. During his administration in 1989, The Washington Monthly magazine claimed that the District had "the worst city government in America". Washington, D.C. is a star article!It is a high-quality article complete with maps, photos, and great information. The Residence Act authorized the President to select the actual location of the site. ", By 1870, the District's population had grown 75% from the previous census to nearly 132,000 residents. Washington, D.C. is the center of the nation for its arts. The President of the USA and many major national government offices are in the territory. Das Kapitol befindet sich in Washington, D.C. auf einem Plateau, das etwa 30 Meter über den nahegelegenen Potomac River ragt. The city came under attack during the War of 1812 in an episode known as the Burning of Washington. A rising economy and gentrification in the late 1990s and early 2000s led to revitalization of many downtown neighborhoods. It resembles the protest made by colonists before the American Revolution about having to pay taxes to Great Britain. The Washington Post Company has multiple media holdings, including a daily free newspaper called the Express, the Washington Post News Service with Bloomberg News, Fashion Washington, El Tiempo Latino (a Spanish-language publication), the Slate Group, The Daily Herald (in Washington state), as well as the education company Kaplan, Inc. Býurin er stórur handilsstaður, tí ferðasambandið er gott bæði út ígjøgnum Chesapeake víkina og niðan eftir Potomac og siglirennunum inn í Atlantshavið. The voters of the District of Columbia voted overwhelmingly to advise the Council to approve the proposal, with 86% of voters voting to advise approving the proposal. Meanwhile, over 20,000 sick and injured Union soldiers were treated in an array of permanent and temporary hospitals in the capital. On April 14, 1865, just days after the end of the war, Lincoln was shot in Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth during the play Our American Cousin. . Washington is home to many national monuments and museums, which are primarily situated on or around the National Mall. It is a federal district. Washington D.C. (often referred to as solely "D.C." or "Washington"') is a location on Earth that was visited by the Tennysons on their summer road trip. Welcome to Wikimedia DC We are the regional outreach organization for Wikipedia and the other projects of the Wikimedia Foundation. Gordon had constructed a tobacco inspection house along the Potomac in approximately 1745. The massive Russian military force managed to take control of much of the Eastern Seaboard of the United States, except Washington D.C. The city was supposed to have long and wide avenues, and many open spaces for monuments and parks. Nevét az ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta. Washington DC is the capital city of United States of America. On May 3, 1802, the City of Washington was granted a municipal government consisting of a mayor appointed by the President of the United States. James Madison and others thought it should be far away from other states and cities. The retroceded land was then known as Alexandria County, Virginia, and now includes a portion of the independent city of Alexandria and all of Arlington County, the successor to Alexandria County. [18][19] The "Eastern-Branch" is known today as the Anacostia River. National Park Service, Washington, D.C. (2012). Its fleet consists of 1,595 buses covering an area of 1,500 square miles (3,900 km 2) in Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia. Washington DC liggur við ánna Potomac.Potomac er 652 km long og 21. longsta á í USA. [7] As European settlers arrived, they clashed with the Native Americans over grazing rights. [2] Early European exploration of the region took place early in the 17th century, including explorations by Captain John Smith in 1608. Washington ble delstat 11. november 1889 Ten apparently random victims were killed, with three others wounded, before John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo were arrested on October 24, 2002. Congress and the Erosion of Local Governance in the District of Columbia, "Poor Management, Federal Rule, Undermine Services", "Congress creates board to oversee Washington, D.C.", "District Government Achieves Balanced Budget and Clean Audit Opinion for FY 2003", "After 10 years, D.C. control board is gone but not forgotten", "12 Victims Killed, 8 Wounded in Shooting at D.C. Navy Yard, Suspected Gunman Killed", "Navy Yard shooter 'had a pattern of misconduct, "Washington DC shooting: Aaron Alexis named as navy yard gunman – as it happened", "DC Voters Elect Gray to Council, Approve Statehood Measure", "Washington's Black Majority Is Shrinking", "Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights", "The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965–2000", "Early Maps and Surveyors of the City of Washington, D.C.", Timeline of Washington, D.C. § Bibliography, "Editorial Note: Locating the Federal District", U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Washington, D.C. is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them. The aqueduct, which was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers, opened for full operation in 1864, using the Potomac River as its source.[63]. Washington rajautuu lännessä Tyyneen valtamereen, etelässä Oregoniin (rajana toimii suurimmaksi osaksi Columbiajoki), idässä Idahoon ja pohjoisessa Kanadan puolella Brittiläiseen Kolumbiaan. [78] The western end of the City Canal emptied into the Potomac and connected with the C&O Canal near the lock keeper's house.[79][80]. The Washington Post is the oldest and most-read daily newspaper in Washington, and it has developed into one of the most reputable daily newspapers in the U.S. It was a square, ten miles (16 km) long on each side, and split by the Potomac River, which separated the two states. This makes it the political center of the United States of America. The city name is Washington, and is located in the federal district named the District of Columbia, abbreviated DC, but is frequently referred to as Washington DC to disambiguate it from the American state of Washington. Coordinates of the south cornerstone of the original District of Columbia: South cornerstone of the original District of Columbia. The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. Barry was then elected mayor, serving three successive four-year terms. Housomiver, the Unitit States Congress haes supreme authority ower the ceety an mey owerturn local laws. [93], President Harry Truman ended de jure racial discrimination in the Armed Forces and federal workplaces in 1948. As of 2008, the Washington Metropolitan Area was the 9th largest designated market area in the United States, with 2,321,610 television homes (2.028% of the U.S. The day-long event will feature a behind the scenes tour followed by talks with records management and conservation experts explaining how the records get into the archives. [54], Some reminders of the canal still exist. [21] A new streetcar system opened in 2016. [20] Expansion plans announced in 2011 will make Union Station the city's primary intercity bus transit center. The process of establishing the federal district, however, faced other challenges in the form of strong objections from landowners such as David Burns who owned a large, 650-acre (260 ha) tract of land in the heart of the district. Harrington Mills, a hotelier, spotted an opportunity. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified on March 29, 1961, gives the people a voice in the electoral college of the size of the smallest state (three votes). Washington, D.C. is not a state. The centers of all three branches of the federal government of the United States are in the District, including the Congress, President, and Supreme Court. The proclamation also described the method by which the survey should determine the district's boundaries. District of Columbia boundary marker at the corner of Western Avenue and Wisconsin Avenue NW, near the Friendship Heights station of the Washington Metro. This makes it the political center of the United States of America. [18] The city also operates its own DC Circulator bus system, which connects commercial areas within central Washington.[19]. In 1978 Congress sent the District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment to the states for ratification. [95] Like many cities, it had received thousands of black people from the South in the Great Migration, starting during World War I and accelerating in the 1940s and 1950s. Throughout the war, the city was defended by a ring of military forts that mostly deterred the Confederate army from attacking. - Ghosts of DC", "Frequently Asked Questions About Washington, D.C", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990", "An Act to provide a Government for the District of Columbia", "Who were the Commissioners of the District, 1874–1967? During three weeks of October 2002, fear spread among residents of the Washington area, during the Beltway Sniper attacks. The District's two Public, educational, and government access (PEG) Channels are DCTV, a non-profit media outlet that provides training and production opportunities to local residents, and OCT TV-16, which provides information about government programs, services, and related opportunities. Partly due to the District's unique status under the Constitution, the court decided unanimously that all of D.C.'s public schools had to be integrated. The Washington Post emphasizes national and political news coverage but also covers regional and local stories. [75] An additional law passed in 1895 mandated that Washington formally absorb Georgetown, which until then had maintained a nominal separate identity, and renamed its streets. The militia then abandoned Washington without a fight. Waszyngton, D.C., formalnie Dystrykt Kolumbii (ang. Le Capitole des États-Unis (en anglais : United States Capitol) est le bâtiment qui sert de siège au Congrès, le pouvoir législatif des États-Unis.Il est situé dans la capitale fédérale, Washington, D.C. La construction de style néoclassique [1] commence en 1793 et s'achève en 1812. The Washington Monument, a tribute to George Washington and the world's tallest stone structure, was completed in 1884.[82]. [17] In September 1791, using the toponym Columbia and the name of the president, the three commissioners agreed to name the federal district as the Territory of Columbia, and the federal city as the City of Washington. The President of the USA and many major national government offices are in the territory. [60]:157 Passenger traffic on the Washington Branch had increased by the 1850s, as the company opened a large station in 1851 on New Jersey Avenue NW, just north of the Capitol. Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States of America. [81] From the 1860s to the 1890s, he constructed over 80 public and private buildings throughout the city, including the National Museum, the Agriculture Department, Sumner and Franklin schools. An Information Community Case Study: Washington, DC, http://mediapolicy.newamerica.net/publications/policy/an_information_community_case_study_washington_dc, "Local Television Market Universe Estimates", "Stations for Washington, District of Columbia", "Washington area tied with Chicago for traffic congestion, study finds", "District of Columbia Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Estimated Unliked Transit Passenger Trips", "District of Columbia Amtrak Fact Sheet FY 2010", "Union Station to become intercity bus center", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washington,_D.C.&oldid=7242740, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The strong flow of the Potomac kept a navigable channel clear year-round; and, the daily tidal lift of the Chesapeake Bay, raised the Potomac's elevation in its lower reach; such that fully laden ocean-going ships could navigate easily, all the way to the Bay. Since 1800, The District of Columbia has been the home of all three branches of the U.S. government: Congress, the President, and the Supreme Court. A few blocks away, Washingtonians and increasing legions of tourists marveled at the wonders displayed in the Smithsonian's recently opened Natural History Museum. Hamilton had a proposal for the new federal government to take over debts accrued by the states during the Revolutionary War. Map of Washington, D.C., with Georgetown highlighted in maroon. Shepherd authorized large-scale municipal projects, which greatly modernized Washington. The capital is named for American general and president, George Washington. Mayor Gray won the general election and assumed office in January 2011 with a pledge to bring economic opportunities to more of the city's residents and under-served areas.[104]. The United States capital was originally located in Philadelphia, beginning with the First and Second Continental Congress, followed by the Congress of the Confederation upon gaining independence. The Old Stone House, located in Georgetown, was built in 1765 and is the oldest standing building in the District. Washington has very few freeways. 1 Personality 2 Description 3 Image Gallery 4 Trivia The 1973 District of Columbia Home Rule Act provided the local government more control of affairs, including direct election of the city council and mayor. [7] The President and First Lady usually go to the Honors ceremony.[8]. Í norðri og í eystri hevur Washington mark við Maryland, og í suðri og vestri við Virginia. Given its prominence, the mall is often the location of political protests, concerts, festivals, and presidential inaugurations. D.C. é a abreviatura de Distrito de Colúmbia (District of Columbia), onde a cidade está localizada.

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