He was a member of the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. During the reign of Sengge Namgyal, who was known as the Lion King, constructions in Ladakh were in full swing. In 2019, Ladakh became a union territory. The first groups of people to settle in Ladakh were Mons and Dards. The then ruler of Ladakh, Tshespal Namgyal was dethroned and exiled to Stok by General Zorawar Singh and Ladakh came under the Dogra Rule. In early 1999, as the Lahore Summit was taking place between India and Pakistan, Pakistani troops occupied vacant Indian military posts in the area around Kargil with an aim to cut-off Ladakh from Kashmir and force Indian military from the Siachen glacier and ultimately force India to negotiate on the Kashmir issue. In 1956-1957, China constructed a road through the Aksai Chin region which was disputed since 19th century. Ladakh was divided into several small principalities, each ruled by a Cho or a prince. There was growing discontent within the aristocracy regarding the division of the kingdom and the unlawful succession of Putit Wangmo and her son, Phuntsog Namgyal, to the throne. Nyima-Gon, a representative of the ancient Tibetan royal house founded the first Ladakh dynasty after the breakup of the Tibetan Empire in 842 CE. He took Staktsang Raspa as his religious teacher. The entire region came out onto the streets demanding political autonomy. The enemy forces captured Leh and besieged the Basgo fortress without success for 3 years. So, the total population of Ladakh wasn’t only made of Brokpas but also the Tibetan people. Between the 1380s and early 1510s, many Islamic missionaries propagated Islam and proselytised the Ladakhi people. Ladakh frequently changed hands between kingdoms of China and Tibet. The first settlement along the Indus river was established by Mons from the region of Kullu and another tribe called the Brokpas, toward the west of Ladakh, originating from Giglit. King Jigmet Dadul Namgyal (centre), the Queen Mother of Ladakh (left) and Queen Nyilza Wangmo (right). The Hindu Dogra Dynasty ruled Jammu and … Ladakh bore witness to the struggle between the Tibetan Empire and the Tang Empire of China. Movie shot by Ed van der Kooy who visited Ladakh in 1978. He was elected member of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly from 1952-1967 and represented Ladakh in the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of Indian Parliament, from 1967-1977. It is located between the Karakoram Mountains in the north and the Himalayan mountains in the south. He was awarded Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian award, in 1989 for his contribution to the society. He also built the Shey Palace, with its gilded copper statue of Lord Buddha, and the Rudok Palace in Western Tibet. Zorawar Singh, a general of the Sikh Empire. It is strategically important because of the border situation. He won by a record margin. The period between mid-15th century to mid-16th century is mired in darkness. U.S. Jamyang Namgyal came to the throne after his brother, Tsewang Namgyal. Bhagan, a later Basgo king reunited Ladakh by overthrowing the king of Leh. Amnesty was granted to the Kalon of Stog. After the collapse of the Mughal Empire by the beginning of the 19th Century, Raja Gulab Singh, under the suzerainty of the Sikh monarch Ranjit Singh, sent General Zorawar Singh for invading Ladakh in 1834. Areas under Ladakhi rule rose in revolt. The tomb of Rinchen Shah located in Srinagar. Leh, which is currently the capital of Ladakh, was initially chosen as the headquarters of Ladakh Division then. He enrolled at the Draspung Loseling Monastic University. Ladakh Tourism Ladakh Treks Ladakh Packages Best Time to Visit Ladakh Top Things to Do Top Tourist Destinations History of Ladakh Things to Buy Popular Festivals Ladakh Wildlife of Ladakh Pilgrimage Ladakh Ladakhi Food Chadar Trek Tourism Map of Ladakh Mountain Passes Lakes Ladakh Hotels Ladakh Adventure Permit for Ladakh Arts & Culture By this time, the Kalon of Stog, had acquired vast amount of royal lands by unlawful means. The history of Ladakh can be divided into three periods: the ancient period (till 10th century AD), the medieval period (10th century-19th century) and the modern period (19th century-till date). In 2001, he was awarded Polar Star by the Mongolian Government for his efforts in reviving Buddhism in the country. Ladakh has been contested by India and Pakistan since the dissolution of British India in 1947; after the cease-fire agreement of 1949, its southeastern portion went to India and the remainder to Pakistan. The present day Gya-Meru area was the first to be settled. Bakula Rinpoche’s supporters formed Congress A with the focal point of its activities being the Leh Khangsar Mansion. King Tashi Namgyal (1555–1575) managed to repel most Central … History of Ladakh: Ladakh’s primal occupants were migrant yak herders.The permanent establishments were settled forth the Indus by Buddhist pioneers making way from India to Mt Kailash in Tibet. Lhachen Utpala, who most probably reigned from 1080-1110, conquered present day Kullu and forced it to pay a tribute and for a time being Ladakh became the paramount power in the Western Himalayas. In the 8th century, Ladakh was annexed by Tibetan Empire. King Singge Namgyal had consolidated the Ladakhi Empire into a strong kingdom. Ladakh is the highest plateau in India, with the majority of which is more than 3,000 metres high. They again clashed near Spituk and the Tibeto-Mongol forces were pursued till Tashigang in present day Ngaris, where they barricaded themselves in a fort. The Ladakhi forces were led by Kalon of Stok, Dorjey Namgyal and the second-in-command was the Lonpo of Leh, Morup Stanzin. Trade flourished as before. Traders came from Tibet in the east, Kullu in the south, Muslims from Balti valley in west and caravans from Central Asia in the north. About Ladakh history, the earliest inhabitants of Ladakh were the Khampa nomads, who domesticated yaks. The Kingdom of Ladakh was established around 950 CE when the early Tibetan Empire collapsed. From Tibet, came pashmina, shahtoosh (Antelope wool), fur and the rare musk pods which were also found in Ladakh. Sengge Namgyal also ordered the construction of the Leh Palace and moved the headquarters of his kingdom from Shey Palace to this newly constructed one. Dawa Shah Srangar (on horseback), leader of the Lopchak Mission to Tibet. In the 5th or 6th century, these groups were frequently accompanied by tribes of Indo-Aryan origin known as the Dards. At a young age, he was recognized as the 19th incarnation of Arhat Bakula, one of the 16 direct disciples of Lord Buddha. The 13th Dalai Lama appointed Geshes Lobzang Jungnes as his tutor. This dynasty united both the Upper and Lower Ladakh under one kingdom. This greatly damaged the trade relations between Kashmir and Ladakh. In the winter of 1834-35, he outflanked the Dogras and wiped out their garrison in Kargil. He facilitated the education of the masses and raised the issue of the need for all round development of the region at every forum. Gulab Singh, a vassal of Sikh King, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, sent a force of 5000 men under the command of Zorawar Singh, Wazir (Governor) of Kishtawar, to conquer Ladakh. Both sent envoys to the Dalai Lama requesting mediation. The heir-apparent to the throne, Jigmet Singey Namgyal, was crowned as the King of Ladakh. Many ancient accounts by the Greek historians, Herodotus and Megasthenes, and the admiral of Alexander the Great, Nearchus have confirmed the existence of the Brokpas (Dards) in Ladakh. The enemy forces were defeated. He was, however, defeated by a combined force of Baltis and Mughals at Bod Kharbu in 1639. In August 2019, a reorganisation act was passed by the Parliament of India which had a provision to reconstitute Ladakh as a union territory, separate from Jammu & Kashmir. The revenue from it greatly contributed to the wealth of the Kingdom since time immemorial. Prominent among them were the Kalon family of Changspa, Srangar of Leh and the Radhu family of Leh, also known as Khwajagon. Nyima Namgyal died at Mulbeek in 1738. The Mons migrated from present day Himachal Pradesh while the Dards came from present day Gilgit. His historic speech on the floor of the Legislative Assembly on 12th April, 1952, drew the attention of the world towards the plight of the Ladakhis, who were struggling to adapt to the modern world that they were being exposed to, for the first time in their history. The primary inhabitants of this land are believed to be the Brokpas. He converted to Islam and reigned as the first Muslim king of Kashmir from 1320-1323. But what we can gather from contemporary sources is that Ladakh was invaded repeatedly during this period. This community claims to be members of Alex… Ladakh has been a vital trade route connecting the Mediterranean to China. After you submit the form, one of our travel experts will get back to you with customised holiday package based on your requirement, within 24 hours. Buddhism soon emerged as the ruling religion, though the minority Brokpa clan still pursues. The eldest son, Pal Gyi Gon received Ladakh, with its capital at Shey, the second son, Tashi Gon received Ngaris, and the third son, Detsug Gon received Zangskar and Spiti. He took on the surname Namgyal (meaning victorious) and founded a new dynasty which still survives today. © 2021 Leh-Ladakh Taxi Booking.Leh-Ladakh Taxi Booking is committed to your privacy. Rally demanding Union Territory for Ladakh held in Leh in March 2019. But decided against it, when the people of Nubra pleaded with him to not to attack as it would damage the trade between them and Xinjiang. In 1988, Thupstan Chhewang became the President of Ladakh Buddhist Association (LBA) while, Nawang Rigzin Jora became the General Secretary. He also promoted horse polo in Ladakh. Crown Prince Rinchen Shah, son of King Lhachen Gyalpo, went to Srinagar, Kashmir and played an active part in the power struggle there. In fact, right from its incorporation into the Indian Union, Ladakhis had been demanding separation from Jammu and Kashmir. Deldan Namgyal, the successor of Sengge Namgyal had to make a treaty with the Mughals and as a symbol of it, he allowed Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb to build a mosque in Leh. Under Sengge, the kingdom further expanded to Zanskar and Spiti. He, indeed, was the face of Ladakh for more than 5 decades. Tashi Namgyal would continue to rule Purig till his death after which it would revert back to the King of Ladakh. The two forces clashed in Western Tibet and the Ladakhis were forced back. Ladakh, August 4 to 6, 2010 The region experienced a spate of cloudbursts and subsequent flash floods over and above a 12.8 mm of rainfall. Information about Ladakh before the birth of the kingdom during the 10th century is scarce. By 1630, he had completed the conquest of Ngaris Skorsoom (Western Tibet) and marched with his army till Siri Karmo in Central Tibet where he fought the Tibetan forces to a standstill. Before the referral of the matter to the United Nations, Ladakh proper was cleared of these tribals. Independent kingdoms were formed under independent rulers that mostly were from Tibetan royal family. He commissioned the construction of many monasteries in Ladakh including the popular Hemis Monastery. Soon after, Prince Tashi Namgyal, actively backed by the Queen Mother, was given Purig with its capital at Mulbeek as a separate kingdom much to the consternation of the nobles. Some of the Ladakhis converted to Islam during this period. The commanders agreed but the Queen disagreed. The Ladakhi forces retreated to the fortresses of Basgo and Tigmosgang. Ladakh lay at the junction of several routes, to its east was Tibet, to its west was Kashmir, to its north lay Xinjiang and to its south, the Mainland India. A hastily constructed airstrip hastened their arrival. He defeated the Ladakhi forces and captured the king. Elections were held for the Council and the Indian National Congress swept to power. The Dogras appointed Wazirs or governors to look after the day to day administration of Ladakh Wazarat (province) which also included Baltistan. But before the recognition of the boy, the couple divorced. Tsepel Tondup Namgyal succeeded his brother as king in 1820. Leh Bazar and Leh Palace built by Sengge Namgyal, photo taken in 1873. His son, Deldan Namgyal acceded to the throne. He then married Kunzoms who gave birth to a son, Tsewang Namgyal. For After hectic negotiations, the Indian Government agreed to grant both the districts of Ladakh Autonomous Hill Councils on the model of the one granted to the Gurkhas. After a week of fierce fighting, Kalon Dorjey Namgyal was mortally wounded. The Kharoshti inscription discovered near Khalatse Bridge tells that Ladakh in the 1st Century was under the rule of the Kushan Empire. Somewhere around the beginning of 10th century, an army from present day Xinjiang invaded Ladakh. Right from the outset, Ladakh was neglected by the government based in Srinagar. As the situation became untenable for Pakistan, both militarily as well as diplomatically, Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif flew to Washington DC, where he agreed, after meeting with US President Bill Clinton, to withdraw troops from across the Line of Control, the border between India and Pakistan. Likewise, his second son had been recognized as the reincarnation of Panchen Lama. Matters came to a head between Tashi Namgyal and Phuntsog Namgyal.