Instituciones supranacionales

“las instituciones supranacionales surgen a partir de 1970 para reglamentar la economía mundial, que se hace cada vez mas interdependiente. El mayor flujo de inversiones y mercancías entre los países exige la existencia de estos mecanismos supranacionales para evitar fluctuaciones muy grandes y proteger a los estados menos desarrollados”(p169)
En estas instituciones podremos encontrar a muchasnaciones unidas con otras para velar por su propia economía de los países integrantes de estas, sobre todo por beneficio propio del país.
En estas podemos encontrar a la cuenca del pacifico y el tratado de libre comercio.

ASEAN y Cuenca del pacifico.
“la asociación de naciones del sureste asiático (ASEAN) surgió en 1967 en Tailandia, con el fin de asegurar la estabilidad política y asegurarel proceso de desarrollo de la región. El bloque representaba, en 2000, un mercado de 518 millones de consumidores y un PIB de 464000 millones de dólares. La eliminación de las barreras económicas y arancelarias estaba prevista para 2002. en 1999, la ASEAN admitió como miembro a Camboya.. Sede: Yakarta, indonesia,” (p 172)

La Cuenca del Pacífico es una de las áreas más importantes en el marcodel comercio mundial y poco a poco está avanzando en la consolidación de una integración regional intercontinental.
La Cuenca del Pacífico la integran 7 organizaciones de las cuales las más importantes para el Ecuador son: El Consejo Económico de la Cuenca del Pacífico (PBEC); Consejo de Cooperación Económica del Pacífico (PECC); y, Foro de Cooperación Económica Asia Pacífico (APEC).
Tratado delibre comercio
“firmado por estados unidos, canada y mexico, el tratado de libre comercio de america del nottte. Establecia ventajas en el acceso a los mercados, reglas de comercio y servicios. Es un acuerdo que no establece zonas de libre comercio entre los tres paises, pero reducira cerca de 20 mil tarifas aduaneras en un plazo máximo de 15 años.” (p174)
El Tratado de Libre Comercio o NorthAmerican Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), es un conjunto de reglas que los tres países acuerdan para vender y comprar productos y servicios en América del Norte.
Se llama “zona de libre comercio”, porque las reglas que se disponen definen cómo y cuándo se eliminarán las barreras arancelarias para conseguir el libre paso de los productos y servicios entre las tres naciones participantes; esto es,cómo y cuándo se eliminarán los permisos, las cuotas y las licencias, y particularmente las tarifas y los aranceles, siendo éste uno de los principales objetivos del Tratado. Además el TLC propugna la existencia de “condiciones de justa competencia” entre las naciones participantes y ofrece no sólo proteger sino también velar por el cumplimiento de los derechos de propiedad intelectual.

El tratadode libre comercio (TLC) paraece ser que es para benefio de estados unidos,
también puede ser vista como presión estadounidense para controlar estos países ya que si no se cumple totalmente como lo estableció estados unidos se les niega privilegios comerciales rompiendo asi los acuerdos unilaterales entre estos países y así estados unidos mantiene su control económico.
Politica.
Migración“los desplazamientos de los seres humanos, explican muchos de los rasgos de los rasgos de la narquia distribución geografica de la superficie terrestre y de la evoilucion y composición de las sociedades humanas. Permiten corregir en algunos casos, los desequilibrios originados por los movimientos naturales y son, en definitiva, un intento espontaneo, controlado o dirigido para adaptar a la población alos recursos, modificar las estructuras economicas, sociales y demograficas” (p 183)

En demografía, se denomina migración al movimiento o desplazamiento de los seres humanos sobre la superficie terrestre.
La forma de migración más importante desde el siglo XIX hasta la época actual es la que se conoce como éxodo rural, que es el desplazamiento masivo de habitantes desde el medio rural al…

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