La revolucion instrial

?La Revolución Industrial

Maritza Monroy Castro

Presentado a: Martha Cecilia Usme Ochoa

Materia: Introducción a La Ingeniería Industrial

Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira
Año: 2010La Revolución Industrial

Periodo histórico entre la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII y principios del XIX, durante el cual Inglaterra y Europa, sufren grandes transformaciones socioeconómicas,tecnológicas y culturales, que favorecen un desarrollo industrial en la Historia de la humanidad.

Es una revolución de innovaciones en cadena, con proceso acumulativo de tecnología, para crear bienes yservicios, mejorando el nivel y la calidad de vida. Gracias al capitalismo naciente y al espíritu emprendedor.

Causas:
– La revolución agrícola británica :
Hay más producción de alimentos con menostrabajo manual gracias a nuevas técnicas de cultivo y uso de fertilizantes

-Migración de la población, van del campo a las ciudades para buscar empleos relacionados con la industria pues nohallaban trabajos agrícolas; esto favorece el desarrollo en las fábricas.

-Se viene presentando un gran desarrollo económico en Inglaterra:
La expansión colonial del siglo XVII
La creación de mercadosfinancieros y la acumulación de capital
La revolución científica del siglo XVII.

-Uso de nuevas fuentes energéticas, el carbón y el vapor además del desarrollo de los procesos del hierro.

-Las innovaciones tecnológicas: Spinning Jenny, mecanización de las industrias textiles y la máquina de vapor.

– Desarrollo de los transportes: nacimiento del ferrocarril, se facilita el envio delas mercancías producidas en la fábrica hasta los diferentes mercados

-El progreso del comercio internacional, con la mejora de las rutas de comunicación

-Crecimiento demográfico debido a lamejora de la alimentación y adelantos en la medicina y en la higiene.

Desarrollo

-Cambio en los instrumentos de trabajo, el trabajo manual es reemplazado por la industria, la manufactura y las…

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