Psic

MINISTERIO DE SALUD CAJA DE SEGURO SOCIAL

PLAN NACIONAL DE SALUD MENTAL 2003

VERSIÓN PRELIMINAR 21de mayo de 2003

CONTENIDO
1. INTRODUCCIÓN 2. ANTECEDENTES 2.1 Técnicos 2.2 Legales 3. CONCEPTO Y CAMPO DE LA SALUD MENTAL 4. POLÍTICAS GENERALES DE SALUD Y ESPECÍFICAS DE SALUD MENTAL ESTRATEGIAS GENERALES Y ESPECÍFICAS 5. OBJETIVOS, LINEAMIENTOS PARA EL PLAN, ACTIVIDADES, ÁREAS DE ACCIÓN5.1. FIN, PROPÓSITO 5.2. MISIÓN Y VISIÓN DEL MINISTERIO DE SALUD Y DEL PLAN DE SALUD MENTAL 5.3. PRINCIPIOS Y VALORES 5.4. LINEAMIENTOS PARA EL PLAN, ACTIVIDADES Y ÁREAS DE ACCIÓN. 8. ANÁLISIS DE SITUACIÓN 9. GRUPOS POBLACIONALES Y OTROS GRUPOS DE ESPECIAL INTERÉS 9.1 GENERALES Y POR GRUPO DE EDAD 9.2 EMBARAZADAS 9.3 PERSONAS CON DISCAPACIDAD 9.4 COMPONENTE ÉTNICO 9.5. DESPLAZADOS Y VICTIMAS DEDESASTRES 9.6. POBREZA EXTREMA Y RELATIVA 9.7. SALUD DE LOS TRABAJADORES 10. TEMAS ESPECIALES 10.1 VIOLENCIAS (ACCIDENTES, HOMICIDIOS Y SUICIDIOS) 10.2 VALORES Y FAMILIAS 10.3 ESPIRITUALIDAD /RELIGIOSIDAD 10.4 SEGURIDAD 10.5 FARMACODEPENDENCIAS 10.6 I.T.S./VIH/SIDA 10.7 ENFERMEDADES CRÓNICAS Y DEGENERATIVAS 10.8 DUELOS Y MUERTES 10.9 PERSONAS PRIVADAS DE LIBERTAD 10.10 PROBLEMAS PSIQUIATRICOSPRIORITARIOS 10.11 PROBLEMAS EMERGENTES

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VERSIÓN PRELIMINAR 21de mayo de 2003 11. EDUCACIÓN Y CAPACITACIÓN1 11.1 COMUNITARIA 11.2 INTERSECTORIAL, PÚBLICA, PRIVADA, INSTITUCIONES Y ONG 11.3 PERSONAL DE SALUD 11.4 PERSONAL DE SALUD MENTAL 12. INVESTIGACIÓN 13. GERENCIA DE LOS SERVICIOS 13.1 ORGANIZACIÓN 13.2.MODIFICACIONES EN LA PRESTACIÓN DE SERVICIOS 13.3 REVISION Y CAMBIOS EN LOS SISTEMAS DEINFORMACIÓN 13.3.1 DESARROLLO DE UN SISTEMA DE VIGILANCIA EPIDEMIOLOGICA DE LOS PROBLEMAS 13.4 ADECUACIÓN DE LOS SISTEMAS DE GESTIÓN 14. EVALUACIÓN 14.1 INSUMOS 14.2 PROCESOS 14.3 PRODUCTOS/ RESULTADOS 14.4 RETROALIMENTACIÓN A LOS PROGRAMAS 15. PRESUPUESTOS Y FUENTES DE FINANCIAMIENTO 16. PROGRAMACIÓN DE LA EJECUCIÓN 16.1 PRIORIDADES 16.2 OPORTUNIDADES Y OBSTÁCULOS 16.3 ACTIVIDADES 16.4 EVALUACIÓN3

VERSIÓN PRELIMINAR 21de mayo de 2003 PRÓLOGO El Plan Nacional de Salud Mental es una estrategia a largo plazo (más de 10 años). La situación deseada: “un concepto de salud mental amplio, que le da valor a la vida, cuyas herramientas y técnicas se utilicen para mejorar las relaciones humanas, con el convencimiento que se puede promover, así como prevenir los trastornos que la afectan,tratar y rehabilitar a quienes los padecen, entendido y aplicado por toda la comunidad y que estimule el desarrollo humano con salud mental.” Esto no será posible sin efectuar cambios en las formas de pensar y sentir de la sociedad; en la organización del sector salud y su relación con otros sectores. Requiere un compromiso político que permita la adjudicación de los recursos necesarios para eldesarrollo de la situación deseada. Para la planificación a futuro se utilizan técnicas de proyección, pronóstico y construcción de escenarios entre otras. En nuestro país, por el predominio de la falta de equidad y problemas en la convivencia ciudadana asociados a esta, por los procesos cambiantes que dificultan extrapolaciones de tendencias; por los datos no confiables para algunas variables claves yla falta de información para el estudio2 de otras se optó por ser eclécticos. En algunos sub-temas analizar las tendencias y en otros los escenarios futuros alternos elaborando estrategias para alcanzar la meta. Esperamos que este documento sea un generador de ideas que permita la gerencia estratégica, más que un plan normativo. Nuestra intención es potenciar y encausar las acciones que diferentessectores realizan en pro de la salud mental y fomentar la innovación en el área; destacando el rol rector del Ministerio de Salud, en conjunto con la participación social e intersectorial. La matriz del plan permite su lectura como unidad o dirigirse al tema de interés, ya sea un grupo poblacional o un tema especial, pues cada sección tiene su independencia, sin que se pierda la integralidad….

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